African Plant Database

Hydnora abyssinica A. Br.
Protologue : Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 217 (1867)
Information on the genus : Hydnora
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Hydnora johannis Becc. (1871)
=Hydnora solmsiana Dinter (1909)
=Hydnora bogosensis Becc.
=Hydnora cornii Vacc.
=Hydnora hanningtonii Rendle
=Hydnora abyssinica var. quinquefida Engl. (1900)
=Hydnora johannis var. quinquefida (Engl.) Solms (1901)
=Hydnora michaelis Peter (1932)
=Hydnora ruspolii Chiov. (1917)
=Hydnora aethiopica Decne. (1873)
=Hydnora johannis f. gigantea
=Hydnora johannis var. gigantea (Chiov.) Vacc.
=Hydnora gigantea Chiov. (1916)
=Hydnora johannis f. trimera Vacc.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Subterranean holoparasitic herb, fungus-like (Thunberg spoke of the plant as a fungus); plant-body rhizome-like, to 10 cm wide, irregular in shape, simple or with widely spreading horizontal branches, fleshy, brick-red inside, with sticky exudates[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Dry Acacia woodland, wooded grassland or bushland; Acacia, Acacia-Commiphora scrub and grassland, also on termite mounds; usually on black cotton soil, clay and alluvium, also on rocky slopes; maritime sandy hills (Angola), plentiful;[…]
  Variable in number of perianth lobes (usually 3-lobed flowers in S part of range and Angola), and in shape of rhizome branches. Distinctive plant in spite of variation.
  near sea-level-2100 m alt. Cultivation experiments show that seeds will germinate as soon as the fruit turns red, but "it takes far less time… if the fruit is not removed for a month or two". […]
  S. Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland; Yemen (one collection known), Saudi Arabia (2 collections), S Oman (2 collections).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1997). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 9[2]: 16-19
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
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see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
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Record n°48798
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