African Plant Database

Panicum maximum Jacq.
Family : POACEAE
Protologue : Ic. Pl. Rar. i. t. 13 1: 2 (1781)
Information on the genus : Panicum
Status for MA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Urochloa maxima (Jacq.) R.D. Webster
Status for NA : rejected (weed), is synonym of : Urochloa maxima (Jacq.) R.D. Webster
Status for SA : rejected (present)
Status for TA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Urochloa maxima (Jacq.) R.D. Webster
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Urochloa maxima (Jacq.) R.D. Webster
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Panicum tephrosanthum Hack.
=Panicum maximum var. trichoglume Robyns
=Panicum giganteum Mez (1905)
=Panicum hirsutissimum Steud. (1853)
=Panicum praelongum Steud. (1853)
=Panicum sparsum Schumach. (1827)
=Panicum mahafalense A. Camus (1925)
=Panicum mananarense A. Camus (1959)
=Panicum maximum var. effusum A. Camus
Ecology and distribution
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Graminoid- Ht up to 2.5 m. Alt: 20 - 2100 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW, WC, SWZP. melanospermum Mez [208]
Biol./Eco : Herb; distribution: Africa. New World,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:102 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Bothalia 1[1-3]: 264 (1921).
  • Bothalia 3: 226 (1937).
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 26 (1986).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 261 (1980).
  • HANSEN, A. & P. SUNDING (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 4: 286 (2005).
  • Borges P.A.V., C. Abreu & al. (2008). A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°51644 modified 2007-04-24
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