African Plant Database


Eulophia mechowii (Rchb. f.) T. Durand & Schinz
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 23 (1894)
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Orthochilus mechowii Rchb. f.
 
 
Status
Status for TA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Orthochilus mechowii Rchb. f.
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Orthochilus mechowii Rchb. f. (1882)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia zeyheri Hook. f.
=*Eulophia bicolor Rchb. f. & Sond. ex Rchb. f.
=Eulophia woodii Schltr. (1895)
=Eulophia amblypetala Kraenzl. (1923)
=Eulophia dichroma Rolfe (1897)
=Eulophia granducalis Kraenzl. (1909)
=Eulophia lujae De Wild. (1904)
=Eulophia milanjiana Rendle (1894)
=Eulophia praestans Rendle (1895)
=Eulophia renschiana (Rchb. f.) T. Durand & Schinz
=Orthochilus renschianus Rchb. f. (1882)
=Eulophia welwitschii Hook. f. (1893)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 30-70 cm tall; pseudobulbs subterranean, flattened, knobbly, whitish, 5-10x2-2,5 cm; leaves 2-3, erect, just starting to develop at anthesis, lanceolate, acuminate, 20-60x1-5 cm; inflorescence peduncle with 3-4 inflated sheaths, rachis densely many-flowered in a head; flowers “very beautiful”, yellow, the lip with a central orange blotch and large purple marks on side lobes; bracts lanceolate, 15-25-40 mm long; pedicel and ovary 10-19 mm long; sepals and petals projecting forwards so that the flowers do not open wide, elliptic, acuminate, 28-40x10-16 mm; lip 23-30 mm long, 12-20 mm wide, 3-lobed; callus of 2 ridges running from base to junction of lobes, with long papillose hairs at apex; side lobes erect, rounded; mid-lobe ± circular, c. 15 mm Ø; spur conical, 2-5 mm long; fruit pendent, 18 mm long.
Ecology : Open or wooded grasslands; Combretum-Terminalia woodland; grassland often with scattered shrubs; moist grassland; marshes; meadows inundated during summer, “many flowers still in the water” (Rendle, Cat. Afr. pl. Welwitsch 2/1: 4, 1899); moist sheltered places: grassed gullies or below rocks; evergreen forest margins with Smilax and bracken; hillside miombo; wooded plateau grassland; coastal grassland; 0-2135 m alt.
  S. Africa.
  “Has been successfully cultivated in Kenya” (Piers, o.c.: 188).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Taxon 63(1): 19 (2014).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
 
Map
no map available
 
Record n°59129 modified 2014-04-11
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