African Plant Database

Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Protologue : Publ. Field Columbian Mus., Bot. Ser. 2(1): 53 (1900)
Information on the genus : Cajanus
Basionym : Cytisus cajan L.
Statuts nomenclatural : superfluous combination
Status for MA : rejected (naturalised-introduced), is synonym of : Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth
Status for SA : rejected (naturalised-introduced), is synonym of : Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth
Status for TA : rejected (naturalised-introduced), is synonym of : Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Cytisus cajan L. (1753)
 Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth (1893)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Cajanus indicus Spreng. (1826)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Annual or short-lived perennial evergreen shrub to 3 m tall, with erect ribbed, densely pubescent stems; leaflets silvery beneath. Very variable.
Ecology : Not known in the wild state; cultivated throughout the tropics.
  Probably of African origin; or Indian. Can be confused with Dolichos pseudocajanus. Also resembling a Crotalaria species.
Biol./Eco : Shrub; Subhumid, Dry; Grassland, Anthropic; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Drug Pl. Africa : 80 (1949).
  • Legumes of Africa: a checklist : 388 (1989).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Tropicos
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
no map available
Record n°61964 modified 2013-05-24
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