African Plant Database

Canavalia africana Dunn
Protologue : Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1922: 135 (1922)
Information on the genus : Canavalia
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Canavalia ferruginea Piper (1922)
=Canavalia virosa (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. p.p.
=Canavalia polystachya Schweinf. p.p. quoad tab. 20, 21 etc
=*Canavalia virosa auct. sensu Sauer, Verdc., non (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. sensu stricto
=Dolichos virosus Roxb. p.p.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Perennial herbaceous climber or trailer 3-15 m long, on bare ground or reaching the tops of quite tall trees; stems mostly appressed ferruginous pubescent when young, later glabrous, very tenacious, hard.
Ecology : Grassland; bushland with scattered trees; thickets; sometimes by lake shores and river banks; also cultivated as a cover crop and shade plant on fences and houses and coffee seed-beds; 100-1800 m alt.
  S. Africa; S Arabia, Socotra; India.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:222 (2012)
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 164
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 523
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°61983
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