African Plant Database

Tamarindus indica L.
Family : Caesalpiniaceae
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 34 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Tamarindus
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Tamarindus erythraea Mattei (1908)
=Tamarindus somalensis Mattei (1908)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree to 25 m with stout bole to 65 cm Ø, often with several trunks; crown dark, evergreen, low-branching, rounded.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Considered spontaneous, at least in an area from Mali to Niger, by certain botanists, in the drier parts of the sub-Saharan savanna, SC and E Africa across to W India where it has been dispersed by man world-wide.
  Cultivated in the E Mediterrranean since Antiquity (mentioned first by Theophrastus, 4th Century BC). -See H. M. Burkill, Useful Pl. W. Trop. Afr. 3: 169-176, 1995.
  But area of origin uncertain, probably Madagascar. Not mapped.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • PEYRE DE FABRÈGUES B. & J. P. LEBRUN (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort : 155
  • BOUDET G. & J.P. LEBRUN (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16 : 129
  • EXELL, A. & WILD, H. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 3[2]: 61
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:218, 340 (2012)
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 192
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 434

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • TREGOLD M.H., H.M. BIEGEL & H. ASHTON (1986). Food plants of Zimbabwe: With Old and New Ways of Preparation : 127-128

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ED.) (1978). Flora of Libya. 61: 7
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: 123
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc. Bocconea 8: 130 
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 229
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°63570 modified 2007-04-17
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