African Plant Database


Tamarindus indica L.
Family : Caesalpiniaceae
Family (APGIII) : FABACEAE
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 34 (1753)
Information on the genus : Tamarindus
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Tamarindus erythraea Mattei (1908)
=Tamarindus somalensis Mattei (1908)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree to 25 m with stout bole to 65 cm Ø, often with several trunks; crown dark, evergreen, low-branching, rounded.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Considered spontaneous, at least in an area from Mali to Niger, by certain botanists, in the drier parts of the sub-Saharan savanna, SC and E Africa across to W India where it has been dispersed by man world-wide.
  Cultivated in the E Mediterrranean since Antiquity (mentioned first by Theophrastus, 4th Century BC). -See H. M. Burkill, Useful Pl. W. Trop. Afr. 3: 169-176, 1995.
  But area of origin uncertain, probably Madagascar. Not mapped.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 127-128 (1986).
  • Fl. Zambes. 3[2]: 61 (2007).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Fl. Libya 61: 7 (1978).
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc. Bocconea 8: [130]
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: [123]
  • Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 229 (2005).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Tropicos
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 63570
 
Record n°63570 modified 2007-04-17
Feedback about this record