African Plant Database

Crotalaria juncea L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: 714 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Crotalaria
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for NA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Erect shrubby annual herb 1,5(-3) m tall with ribbed appressed pubescent stems, simple leaves and large flowers in ± long lax racemes.
Ecology : Native of India but seems never found truly wild; cultivated for fibre (sunn hemp), as a green manure and soil improver.
  Locally naturalised in Africa, e.g. Senegal, Ghana, S Nigeria; Ethiopia (deciduous bushland, grassland, fallow fields, c. 1000 m alt.), E Kenya and Tanzania (0-1250 m alt.), Fl. Zambes. area. Also Madagasacar. - Not mapped.
Biol./Eco : Herb; Subhumid; Anthropic; 0-499 m, 500-999 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:225 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1980). Flora of Libya. 86: 21
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Fgui
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°64015
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