African Plant Database


Medicago polymorpha L.
Family : FABACEAE
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: 779 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Medicago
 
 
Status
Status for NA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Medicago polymorpha L. subsp. polymorpha
 Medicago denticulata subsp. polymorpha (L.) Pit. & Proust (1909)
 Medicago hispida subsp. polymorpha (L.) Menezes (1914)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Medicago denticulata Willd. (1802)
=Medicago lappacea f. denticulata (Willd.) Urb. (1873)
=Medicago lappacea subsp. denticulata (Willd.) Nyman (1878)
=Medicago hispida var. denticulata (Willd.) Burnat (1896)
=Medicago hispida Gaertn. (1791)
=Medicago nigra Krock.
=Medicago hispida var. nigra (Krock.) Menezes (1914)
=Medicago apiculata Willd. (1802)
=Medicago hispida var. apiculata (Willd.) Burnat (1896)
=Medicago hispida var. brachyacantha Lowe (1862)
=Medicago confinis W.D.J. Koch (1835)
=Medicago hispida var. confinis (W.D.J. Koch) Burnat (1896)
=Medicago lappacea Desr. (1789)
=Medicago hispida var. lappacea (Desr.) Burnat (1896)
=Medicago hispida subsp. lappacea (Desr.) Menezes (1914)
=Medicago hispida var. longispina Urb. (1873)
=Medicago hispida var. macracantha auct.
=Medicago hispida var. microdon auct.
=Medicago reticulata Benth. (1826)
=Medicago hispida var. reticulata (Benth.) Urb. (1873)
=Medicago denticulata var. reticulata (Benth.) Batt. (1889)
=Medicago polycarpa Willd. (1814)
=Medicago polymorpha subsp. polycarpa (Willd.) Romero Zarco (1986)
=Medicago denticulata var. brevispina Benth. (1826)
=Medicago polymorpha var. brevispina (Benth.) Heyn (1963)
=Medicago polymorpha var. vulgaris (Benth.) Shinners (1956)
=Medicago lappacea f. longispina Urb. (1873)
=Medicago lappacea var. microcarpa Urb. (1873)
=Medicago pentacycla DC. (1813)
=Medicago lappacea var. pentacycla (DC.) Gren. & Godr. (1848)
=Medicago hispida subsp. pentacycla (DC.) Urb. (1873)
=Medicago denticulata var. oligocarpa Rouy (1899)
=Medicago hispida var. aculeata Urb. (1873)
=Medicago lappacea var. microdon Batt. (1889)
=Medicago tricycla DC. (1813)
=Medicago lappacea var. tricycla (DC.) Gren. & Godr. (1848)
=Medicago hispida f. maculifolia Maire
 
Taxon infra-specific
Medicago polymorpha L. subsp. polymorpha
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : A weakly spreading, ± glabrous annual herb; pod of c. 3 coils, spiny (or spineless, var. brevispina).
  see more in the book
Ecology : Weed in cultivations and pastures, almost certainly introduced; reported from Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, E. Africa, Fl. Zambes. area [var. polymorpha and var. brevispina (Benth.) Heyn;
  Not mapped.

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Fl. Atlant. 2: 210 (1799). 
  • HEYN, C. C. (1963). The annual species of Medicago. Scripta Hierosolymitana 12:
  • Fl. Eur. 2: 156 (1968).
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1980). Flora of Libya. 86: 205
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 2 Ketres 2: 125 
  • Med-Checklist 4: 143 (1989).
  • HANSEN, A. & P. SUNDING (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295
  • Fl. Iberica 7: 764 (1999). 
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 1: 269 (1999).
  • VALDÉS, B., REJDALI, M., ACHHAL EL KADMIRI, JURY, J. L. & J. M. MONTSERRAT (2002). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. I. 1: 352
  • List. Esp. Sylv. Canarias : 110 (2004).
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 214
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 150
  • List Fungi, Fl. Fau. Madeira Selv. Arch. : 192 (2008).
  • LE FLOC’H, E., L. BOULOS & E. VÉLA (2010). Catalogue synonymique commenté de la Flore de Tunisie  
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 65914
 
Record n°65914 modified 2008-10-10
Feedback about this record