African Plant Database


Medicago polymorpha L.
Family : FABACEAE
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: 779 (1753)
Information on the genus : Medicago
 
 
Status
Status for NA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Medicago polymorpha L. subsp. polymorpha
 Medicago denticulata subsp. polymorpha (L.) Pit. & Proust (1909)
 Medicago hispida subsp. polymorpha (L.) Menezes (1914)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Medicago denticulata Willd. (1802)
=Medicago lappacea f. denticulata (Willd.) Urb. (1873)
=Medicago lappacea subsp. denticulata (Willd.) Nyman (1878)
=Medicago hispida var. denticulata (Willd.) Burnat (1896)
=Medicago hispida Gaertn. (1791)
=Medicago nigra Krock.
=Medicago hispida var. nigra (Krock.) Menezes (1914)
=Medicago apiculata Willd. (1802)
=Medicago hispida var. apiculata (Willd.) Burnat (1896)
=Medicago hispida var. brachyacantha Lowe (1862)
=Medicago confinis W.D.J. Koch (1835)
=Medicago hispida var. confinis (W.D.J. Koch) Burnat (1896)
=Medicago lappacea Desr. (1789)
=Medicago hispida var. lappacea (Desr.) Burnat (1896)
=Medicago hispida subsp. lappacea (Desr.) Menezes (1914)
=Medicago hispida var. longispina Urb. (1873)
=Medicago hispida var. macracantha auct.
=Medicago hispida var. microdon auct.
=Medicago reticulata Benth. (1826)
=Medicago hispida var. reticulata (Benth.) Urb. (1873)
=Medicago denticulata var. reticulata (Benth.) Batt. (1889)
=Medicago polycarpa Willd. (1814)
=Medicago polymorpha subsp. polycarpa (Willd.) Romero Zarco (1986)
=Medicago denticulata var. brevispina Benth. (1826)
=Medicago polymorpha var. brevispina (Benth.) Heyn (1963)
=Medicago polymorpha var. vulgaris (Benth.) Shinners (1956)
=Medicago lappacea f. longispina Urb. (1873)
=Medicago lappacea var. microcarpa Urb. (1873)
=Medicago pentacycla DC. (1813)
=Medicago lappacea var. pentacycla (DC.) Gren. & Godr. (1848)
=Medicago hispida subsp. pentacycla (DC.) Urb. (1873)
=Medicago denticulata var. oligocarpa Rouy (1899)
=Medicago hispida var. aculeata Urb. (1873)
=Medicago lappacea var. microdon Batt. (1889)
=Medicago tricycla DC. (1813)
=Medicago lappacea var. tricycla (DC.) Gren. & Godr. (1848)
 
Taxon infra-specific
Medicago polymorpha L. subsp. polymorpha
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : A weakly spreading, ± glabrous annual herb; pod of c. 3 coils, spiny (or spineless, var. brevispina).
  see more in the book
Ecology : Weed in cultivations and pastures, almost certainly introduced; reported from Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, E. Africa, Fl. Zambes. area [var. polymorpha and var. brevispina (Benth.) Heyn;
  Not mapped.

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Fl. Atlant. 2: 210 (1799). 
  • HEYN, C. C. (1963). The annual species of Medicago. Scripta Hierosolymitana 12:
  • Fl. Eur. 2: 156 (1968).
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1980). Flora of Libya. 86: 205
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 2 Ketres 2: 125 
  • Med-Checklist 4: 143 (1989).
  • HANSEN, A. & P. SUNDING (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition. Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295
  • Fl. Iberica 7: 764 (1999). 
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 1: 269 (1999).
  • VALDÉS, B., REJDALI, M., ACHHAL EL KADMIRI, JURY, J. L. & J. M. MONTSERRAT (2002). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. I. 1: 352
  • List. Esp. Sylv. Canarias : 110 (2004).
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 214
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 150
  • List Fungi, Fl. Fau. Madeira Selv. Arch. : 192 (2008).
  • LE FLOC’H, E., L. BOULOS & E. VÉLA (2010). Catalogue synonymique commenté de la Flore de Tunisie  
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 65914
 
Record n°65914 modified 2008-10-10
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