African Plant Database

Acacia ataxacantha DC.
Family : Mimosaceae
Protologue : Prodr. (DC.) 2: 459 (1825) 
Information on the genus : Acacia
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Senegalia ataxacantha (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr. (2013)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Acacia eriadenia Benth. (1846)
=Acacia lugardiae N.E. Br.
=Acacia macrostachya auct. sensu Oliver in FTA, p.p.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Scandent or scrambling lax, formless shrub 3-5-15 m tall, or non-climbing shrub or tree to 10 m, with stem to 10 cm Ø; stipules non spinescent, soon deciduous; prickles recurved, scattered along internodes and leaf rhachis;
  see more in the book
Ecology : In drier areas, woodlands, wooded grassland, below 1200 m, locally common on Kalahari and similar sands, sometimes in lowveld in riverine areas, forming thickets (Zimbabwe); riverine fringing vegetation, forest margins and clearings; etc...
  Variable in pubescence (strongly developed indumentum in SE part of range = var. australis).
  Namibia, Botswana, S. Africa (Transvaal, Natal), Swaziland. Disjunction in Tanzania, E Zambia.
  Planted for fences and impenetrable barriers around villages (Ghana) and along drainage lines (Zimbabwe).
  Closely related to A. macrostachya. Can be confused with A. schweinfurthii but differs in having smaller leaves and flowers in spikes. Also sometimes confused with A. caffra (with prickles in pairs). [see more in the book]

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:169, 253, 282 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. Africa 42: t.1652 (1972).
  • Fl. S. Africa 16[1]: 46-48 (1975).
  • Ethnobotany of the Kwanyama Ovambos : 89 (1985).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: 1-322
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc. Bocconea 8: 114 
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 182
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 36
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°67136
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