African Plant Database

Acacia caffra (Thunb.) Willd.
Family : Mimosaceae
Information on the genus : Acacia
Basionym : Mimosa caffra Thunb.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Mimosa caffra Thunb.
 Senegalia caffra (Thunb.) P.J.H. Hurter & Mabb. (2008)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Acacia caffra var. longa Glover
=Acacia caffra var. namaquensis Eckl. & Zeyh.
=Acacia caffra var. tomentosa Glover
=Acacia caffra var. transvaalensis Glover
=Acacia fallax E. Mey.
=Acacia multijuga Meisn. (1843)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or tree to 2-10-14m tall with crooked stem and shapeless narrow crown; bark greyish, fissured; stipules not spinescent; prickles large, hooked, mostly in pairs below nodes, but a few can be scattered, or rarely absent;
Ecology : Open woodland on rocky hills, dry river valley bush; 1070-1220 m alt.
  Very variable specis (indumentum, number of pinnae pairs), the extremes looking very different.
  SE Botswana, S. Africa, Swaziland.
  Very closely related to A. hereroensis , and similar to A. ataxacantha. In Zimbabwe an isolated population at Harare (a construction camp in 1999); said to date back to ox-wagon transport days, i.e. an introduction from then (fide Timberlake & al., l.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. Africa 40: t.1586 (1970).
  • Fl. S. Africa 16[1]: 60-62 (1975).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°67145
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