African Plant Database

Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Brenan
Family : Mimosaceae
Information on the genus : Acacia
Basionym : Acacia campylacantha Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Acacia caffra var. campylacantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Aubrév. (1950)
 Acacia campylacantha Hochst. ex A. Rich.
 Acacia catechu var. campylacantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Roberty (1948)
 Senegalia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Acacia catechu var. erythrantha (Steud. ex A. Rich.) Roberty
=Acacia erythrantha Steud. ex A. Rich.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree 3,5-20(-25) m; crown open, layered, flatter with age; trunk 50-70 cm Ø and 1,5 m in girth, clear for 10 m or more; bark whitish to yellowish or grey, fissured, peeling off in papery flakes to show whitish underbark; stipules not spinescent;
  see more in the book
Ecology : Wooded grassland, deciduous woodland and bushland, open woodland with good grass cover; riverine and ground water forest; forest galleries, fringing forest, often near swamps; borders of forest areas; thickets on gritty, clayey soils; etc...
  Some variation occurs in number of pairs of leaf pinnae (6-60), the larger leaves are likely to have 15-20 or more pairs.
  S. Africa (Transvaal), Botswana. - Subsp. polyacantha in India, ? Sri Lanka.
  Very fast growing tree, short-lived (30-40 years); readily raised from seed; sensitive to cold and frost. Tree with many uses. Similar to A. galpinii ; differs in having a flattened oblong gland at base of petiole. Can be mistaken for A. sieberiana at

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. S. Africa 16[1]: 58-60 (1975).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 297 (2006).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°67253
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