African Plant Database


Balanites glabra Mildbr. & Schltr.
Family : Balanitaceae
Family (APGIII) : ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
Protologue : Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 163 (1913) 
Information on the genus : Balanites
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Very spiny, evergreen shrub or tree to 10 m tall, usually of dense bushy habit; spines 1-3(-5) cm apart and placed 0,5-1,5 cm above leaf axil, 3-10(-13) cm long, ...; inflorescences generally on the spines; fruit edible.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Acacia bush or open woodland, in which B. glabra may be an important element; usually on loamy to clay soil, black cotton soil, sometimes stony or sandy soil, or on lava; persisting in degraded communities with Opuntia; 900-1700 m alt.
  Wide discontinuity in the two main areas of distribution.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (2003). Flora of Tropical East Africa Balanitaceae: 12-13

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Kew Bull. 56[1]: 99-105 (2001)
  • Kew Bull. 56[1]: 101 (2001)
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
 
Map
carte afrique num 7100
 
Record n°7100 modified 2007-03-20
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