African Plant Database

Commiphora myrrha (T. Nees) Engl.
Protologue : Monogr. Phan. 4: 10 (1883)
Information on the genus : Commiphora
Basionym : Balsamodendrum myrrha T. Nees
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Balsamodendrum myrrha T. Nees
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Commiphora molmol (Engl.) Engl.
=Commiphora myrrha var. molmol Engl. (1883)
=Commiphora rivae Engl. (1896)
=Commiphora coriacea Engl. (1899)
=Commiphora playfairii var. benadirensis Chiov. (1896)
=Commiphora cuspidata Chiov. (1941)
=Commiphora habessinica var. grossedentata Chiov.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Spiny almost glabrous, gnarled shrub or tree, usually with a distinct, though short trunk, to 5 m tall; outer bark silvery, whitish or bluish grey, peeling in large or small papery flakes from the greener under-bark; all branches spine-tipped.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Open Acacia, Commiphora bushland on shallow soil, chiefly over limestone; sandy to loamy soil on granite or limestone; rocky lava hills; 95-1300 m alt.
  Very variable in general facies and habit, in its leaves and fruit pseudaril. Forms with rather large lateral leaflets seem to occur in the N part of range.
  Has been much confused with C. playfairii with similar leaves. The tree produces a colourless, weakly scented gum, (medicinal) myrrh; of great economic importance in Somalia.
  SW Arabia.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Trop. E. Africa Burseraceae: 29-30 (1991)
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
carte afrique num 7519
Record n°7519
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