African Plant Database

Elaeodendron croceum (Thunb.) DC.
Information on the genus : Elaeodendron
Basionym : Ilex crocea Thunb.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Ilex crocea Thunb.
 Crocoxylon croceum (Thunb.) N. Robson
 Cassine crocea (Thunb.) Kuntze
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Elaeodendron capense Eckl. & Zeyh. (1834)
=Cassine papillosa (Hochst.) Kuntze
=Elaeodendron papillosum Hochst. (1844)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Evergreen tree 2,5-10,5 m tall, glabrous; bark greyish with layers of powdery yellow pigment (= Saffron, Common Saffron, Saffron wood) in exposed rhytidome, exfoliating in thin scales, surface longitudinally fissured; branchlets subangular to terete[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Evergreen forest.
  1100-1980 m alt. Decorative garden plant in S. Africa. Wood used, but most parts of the plant poisonous.
  S. Africa; introduced into St. Helena.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • de Candolle, A. de Candolle (1825). Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis ... (DC.) 2: 11
  • Bothalia 2: 326-336 (1927).
  • Drug Pl. Africa : 72 (1949).
  • Gen. Gram. : 511 (1986).
  • Trees Natal, Zululand & Transkei : 278 (1993).
  • Fl. Pl. Africa 54: t.2112 (1995).
  • S. African J. Bot. 64: 93-109 (1998).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°78206
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