African Plant Database

Gymnosporia buxifolia (L.) Szyszyl.
Information on the genus : Gymnosporia
Basionym : Celastrus buxifolius L.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Celastrus buxifolius L. (1753)
 Maytenus cymosa (Sol.) Exell
 Maytenus brevipetala (Loes.) R. Wilczek
 Gymnosporia condensata Sprague (1906)
 Gymnosporia buxifolia var. glomeruliflora Davison
 Gymnosporia beniensis Robyns & Lawalrée
 Gymnosporia brevipetala Loes. (1893)
 Celastrus cymosus Sol. (1819)
 Catha buxifolia (L.) G. Don
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Maytenus andongensis (Oliv.) Exell & Mendonça
=Celastrus andongensis Oliv. (1868)
=Maytenus angolensis Exell & Mendonça
=*Maytenus senegalensis auct.
=Gymnosporia bequaertii De Wild. (1913)
=Gymnosporia nyassica Gilli (1971)
=Gymnosporia buxifolia var. holtzii Loes.
=Gymnosporia heterophylla auct.
=Celastrus venenatus Eckl. & Zeyh. (1835)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Evergreen shrub or tree 2-9 m tall; bark light brown when young, becoming darker and flaking to very dark, rough,corky and fissured with age;young branches green becoming light brown,very often with insect galls which appear as swellings on the stem[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Forest, forest margins; scrub; grassland; woodland; often in riverine areas.
  ± 30-2620 m alt. The true G. heterophylla (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Loes. is a shrub to 1,5 m tall occurring in S. Africa from Grahamstown to Limpopo Province.
  Botswana, NC Namibia.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1966). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 2[2]: 364-367
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Bothalia 2: 317-320 (1927).
  • Ethnobotany of the Kwanyama Ovambos : 57 (1985).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°78693
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