African Plant Database

Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes.
Protologue : Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(5): 207 (1892); Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 17: 541 (1893)
Information on the genus : Gymnosporia
Basionym : Celastrus senegalensis Lam.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Celastrus senegalensis Lam. (1785)
 Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell (1952)
 Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell subsp. senegalensis
 Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes. var. senegalensis
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Celastrus emarginata Rich.
=Gymnosporia crenulata Engl. (1889) (SA = accepted; TA = rejected)
=Gymnosporia saharae (Batt.) Loes. (1892)
=Celastrus saharae Batt. (1900)
=Maytenus baumii (Loes.) Exell & Mendonça
=Gymnosporia baumii Loes. (1903)
=Gymnosporia eremoecusa Loes. (1908)
=Gymnosporia intermedia Chiov. (1911)
=Gymnosporia senegalensis var. inermis (A. Rich.) Loes.
=Celastrus senegalensis var. inermis A. Rich. (1847)
=Gymnosporia senegalensis var. angustifolia Engl. & Loes.
=Gymnosporia senegalensis var. spinosa Engl. ex Loes. (1893)
=Gymnosporia dinteri Loes. (1903)
=Gymnosporia eminiana Loes. (1893)
=Gymnosporia antunesii Loes. (1900)
=Gymnosporia benguelensis Loes. (1900)
=Gymnosporia montana (Roth) Benth.
=Catha montana (Roth) G. Don
=Celastrus montanus Roth (1821)
=Celastrus coriaceus Guill. & Perr.
=Gymnosporia coriacea (Guill. & Perr.) Eggeling
=Catha senegalensis (Lam.) G. Don
=Gymnosporia senegalensis f. minor Loes.
=Gymnosporia senegalensis var. djalonensis Aubrév.
Taxon infra-specific
Gymnosporia senegalensis var. europaea (Boiss.) Maire (1924)
Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes. var. senegalensis
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrublet, shrub or tree, semi-deciduous, usually 2-6 m tall but sometimes creeping 0,15-15 m; bark light grey, smooth; young branchlets markedly reddish, sometimes with straight slender spines to 7 cm long;[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Wide variety of habitats: open woodland, wooded grassland; grassland; bushland; often on termite mounds and in thickets; scrub; riverine fringe thicket; margins of vleis; coastal dune scrub; association with Acacia seyal,[…]
  0-2440 m alt. Important medicinal plant.
  Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura: subsp. europaea?); N & S Morocco (N: near Jebha and El Hoceïma Natl. Park, fide A. Benabid, Flore & écosystèmes du Maroc: 39-40, 2000), Algeria and SE Iberian Peninsula: […]

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:177, 327 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Bothalia 2: 320-321 (1927).
  • Engler, H.G.A. & K. A. E. Prantl (1942). Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2 2[20b]: 87-158
  • Bothalia 7[2]: 381-386 (1960).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 17: 541 (1893)
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 474 (1932).  
  • SAUVAGE, Ch. (1961). Flore des subéraies marocaines. Trav. Inst. Sci. Chérifien, Sér. Bot. 22: 123
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 614 (1963).
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
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Record n°78710 created 2008-10-07 - modified 2008-10-07
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