African Plant Database

Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk.
Protologue : Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 63 (1775)
Information on the genus : Catha
Basionym : Celastrus edulis Vahl
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Celastrus edulis Vahl
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Methyscophyllum glaucum Eckl. & Zeyh. (1836)
=Dillonia abyssinica Sacleux (1932)
=Hartogia thea E. Mey. (1844)
=*Catha inermis J.F. Gmel. (1791)
=Trigonotheca serrata Hochst.
=Catha forskalii A. Rich.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or tree 2-25 m tall, glabrous; stems pale grey-green, flattened when young, becoming vinous red, terete; leaves narrowly elliptic, opposite on flowering shoots, alternate on vegetative shoots;[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Evergreen forest, usually near the margins; riverine forest; thickets in Combretum wooded grassland; woodland often on rocky hills.
  1100-2400 m alt. An important crop; the leaves are chewed as a mild stimulant, staining the mouth red. The first utilisation goes back to Alexander the Great in 326 B.C. (fide Lemoine o.c.); the earliest known reference to the use of Qat is […]
  S. Africa, SW Arabia.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Bothalia 2: 339,342 (1927).
  • Fl. Pl. Africa 43: t.1685 (1974).
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 94 (1986).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°78794
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