African Plant Database

Hibiscus cannabinus L.
Protologue : Syst. Nat., ed. 10 2: 1149 (1759)
Information on the genus : Hibiscus
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Hibiscus sabdariffa subsp. cannabinus (L.) Panigrahi & Murti
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Hibiscus asper Hook. f. (1849)
=Hibiscus asper var. punctatus (A. Rich.) Berhaut
=Hibiscus verrucosus var. punctatus A. Rich. (1847)
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. punctatus (A. Rich.) Hochr. (1916)
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. chevalieri Hochr. (1901)
=Hibiscus malangensis Baker f. (1939)
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. radiatus (Cav.) Chiov.
=*Hibiscus cannabinus var. genuinus Hochr.
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. simplex A. Howard & G. Howard
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. purpureus A. Howard & G. Howard
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. ruber A. Howard & G. Howard
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. viridis A. Howard & G. Howard
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. vulgaris A. Howard & G. Howard
=Hibiscus verrucosus Guill. & Perr. (1830)
=Hibiscus cordofanus Turcz. (1858)
=Hibiscus vanderystii De Wild. (1915)
=Hibiscus henriquesii Pires de Lima (1921)
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. sudanica Hochr. (1907)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Erect coarse annual herb to ±2,5(-4) m; stems prickly.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Acacia woodland and scrub; wooded grassland, on grey to black alluvial soil; swamp, seepage areas, riverbanks; roadsides; weed in irrigated crops; 20-2600 m alt. Pantropical. ? Sometimes confused with H. sabdariffa. (see more in the book)
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:annual-Herb- Ht 0.7 - 2.74 m. Alt 15 - 1250 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, GA, KN, LP, MP, NW, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Herb; distribution: Comoros, Mascarenes, Seychelles, Africa, Asia, Australasia/Pacific,

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Zambes. 1[2]: 441-442 (1961).
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 34: t.1335 (1961).
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 1: (1991).
  • Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. London, Bot. 29[1]: 66-67 (1999).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Tropicos
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
carte afrique num 81417
Record n°81417 modified 2007-04-20
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