African Plant Database

Hibiscus cannabinus L.
Protologue : Syst. Nat., ed. 10 2: 1149 (1759) 
Information on the genus : Hibiscus
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Hibiscus sabdariffa subsp. cannabinus (L.) Panigrahi & Murti
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Hibiscus asper Hook. f. (1849)
=Hibiscus asper var. punctatus (A. Rich.) Berhaut
=Hibiscus verrucosus var. punctatus A. Rich. (1847)
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. punctatus (A. Rich.) Hochr. (1916)
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. chevalieri Hochr. (1901)
=Hibiscus malangensis Baker f. (1939)
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. radiatus (Cav.) Chiov.
=*Hibiscus cannabinus var. genuinus Hochr.
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. simplex A. Howard & G. Howard
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. purpureus A. Howard & G. Howard
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. ruber A. Howard & G. Howard
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. viridis A. Howard & G. Howard
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. vulgaris A. Howard & G. Howard
=Hibiscus verrucosus Guill. & Perr. (1830)
=Hibiscus cordofanus Turcz. (1858)
=Hibiscus vanderystii De Wild. (1915)
=Hibiscus henriquesii Pires de Lima (1921)
=Hibiscus cannabinus var. sudanica Hochr. (1907)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Erect coarse annual herb to ±2,5(-4) m; stems prickly.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Acacia woodland and scrub; wooded grassland, on grey to black alluvial soil; swamp, seepage areas, riverbanks; roadsides; weed in irrigated crops; 20-2600 m alt. Pantropical. – Sometimes confused with H. sabdariffa. (see more in the book)
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:annual-Herb- Ht 0.7 - 2.74 m. Alt 15 - 1250 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, GA, KN, LP, MP, NW, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Herb; distribution: Comoros, Mascarenes, Seychelles, Africa, Asia, Australasia/Pacific,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1961). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 1[2]: 441-442
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:284 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 34: t.1335 (1961).
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 1: (1991)
  • Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. London, Bot. 29[1]: 66-67 (1999).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°81417 modified 2007-04-20
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