African Plant Database

Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.
Protologue : Encycl. (Lamarck) 3(1): 319 (1789) 
Information on the genus : Ziziphus
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (indigenous)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn.
=Rhamnus jujuba L. (1753)
=Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Lam. (1789)
=Ziziphus mauritiana var. orthacantha (DC.) A. Chev.
=Ziziphus orthacantha DC. (1825)
=Ziziphus mauritiana var. deserticola A. Chev.
=Ziziphus muratiana Maire (1939)
=Ziziphus mauritiana var. muratiana (Maire) A. Chev. (1952)
=Rhamnus mauritiana Soy.-Will.
=Ziziphus aucheri Boiss.
=Ziziphus jujuba var. stenocarpa Kuntze
=*Ziziphus jujuba f. aequilaterifolia Engl.
=Ziziphus rotunda DC.
=Ziziphus tomentosa Poir.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or tree 3-16(-20) m tall, armed with spinous stipules (one curved, one straight) or rarely unarmed; trunk to 45 cm Ø, 1,5 m in girth; bark greyish-dark brown, fissured; crown of densely tangled drooping branches;[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Cultivated, not known to be indigenous to Africa; cultivations, disturbed areas near settlements, along roads; riverine bushland or woodland; widespread in the drier parts of tropical Africa.
  1-1800 m alt.Probably originally from the Middle East or the Indian subcontinent. This species has the greatest world dispersal in the genus, widespread in Arabia, India, Far East, Australia (fide Burkill, l.c.).[…]
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:perennial-Tree, Shrub- Ht up to 15 m. Distribution KN

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:323 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 139 (1986).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 620 (1963).
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
  • Med-Checklist 4: 458 (1989).
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice.
  • Boissiera 55: 158 (1998).
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc. Bocconea 8: 154 
  • BENABID, A (2000). Flore et écosystèmes du Maroc. Evaluation et préservation de la biodiversité.
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 339
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 239

Bibliography other :
  • SAHKI, A. & R.SAHKI (2004). Le Hoggar, promenade botanique
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°83592 modified 2007-04-17
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