African Plant Database


Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.
Family : RHAMNACEAE
Protologue : Encycl. (Lamarck) 3(1): 319 (1789)
Information on the genus : Ziziphus
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (indigenous)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn.
=Rhamnus jujuba L. (1753)
=Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Lam. (1789)
=Ziziphus mauritiana var. orthacantha (DC.) A. Chev.
=Ziziphus orthacantha DC. (1825)
=Ziziphus mauritiana var. deserticola A. Chev.
=Ziziphus muratiana Maire
=Ziziphus mauritiana var. muratiana (Maire) A. Chev. (1952)
=Rhamnus mauritiana Soy.-Will.
=Ziziphus aucheri Boiss.
=Ziziphus jujuba var. stenocarpa Kuntze
=*Ziziphus jujuba f. aequilaterifolia Engl.
=Ziziphus rotunda DC.
=Ziziphus tomentosa Poir.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or tree 3-16(-20) m tall, armed with spinous stipules (one curved, one straight) or rarely unarmed; trunk to 45 cm Ø, 1,5 m in girth; bark greyish-dark brown, fissured; crown of densely tangled drooping branches;[?]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Cultivated, not known to be indigenous to Africa; cultivations, disturbed areas near settlements, along roads; riverine bushland or woodland; widespread in the drier parts of tropical Africa.
  1-1800 m alt.Probably originally from the Middle East or the Indian subcontinent. This species has the greatest world dispersal in the genus, widespread in Arabia, India, Far East, Australia (fide Burkill, l.c.).[?]
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:perennial-Tree, Shrub- Ht up to 15 m. Distribution KN

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 139 (1986).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • QUÉZEL, P. & S. SANTA (1963). NOUVELLE FLORE DE L'ALGÉRIE et des régions désertiques méridionales. vol. [2] CNRS., Paris. [p.620]
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore du Sahara. (ed. 2). Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS.), Paris, 622p. [p.336]
  • GREUTER, W., M. BURDET & G.LONG (1989). MED-CHECKLIST. [vol. 4] Conservatoire & Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève. [p.458]
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice. [p.307]
  • Bocconea 8: 154 (1998).
  • Boissiera 55: 158 (1998).
  • BENABID, A (2000). Flore et écosystèmes du Maroc. Evaluation et préservation de la biodiversité. Éd. Ibis Press & Kalila Wa Dimna, Paris - Rabat. 359p. [p.]
  • Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 339 (2005).
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Fl. Prat. Maroc 2: [239]

Bibliography other :
  • SAHKI, A. & R.SAHKI (2004). Le Hoggar, promenade botanique Esope Eds. [p.74]
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Tropicos
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 83592
 
Record n°83592 modified 2007-04-17
Feedback about this record