African Plant Database


Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.
Family : RHAMNACEAE
Protologue : Encycl. (Lamarck) 3(1): 319 (1789)
Information on the genus : Ziziphus
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (indigenous)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn.
=Rhamnus jujuba L. (1753)
=Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Lam. (1789)
=Ziziphus mauritiana var. orthacantha (DC.) A. Chev.
=Ziziphus orthacantha DC. (1825)
=Ziziphus mauritiana var. deserticola A. Chev.
=Ziziphus muratiana Maire
=Ziziphus mauritiana var. muratiana (Maire) A. Chev. (1952)
=Rhamnus mauritiana Soy.-Will.
=Ziziphus aucheri Boiss.
=Ziziphus jujuba var. stenocarpa Kuntze
=*Ziziphus jujuba f. aequilaterifolia Engl.
=Ziziphus rotunda DC.
=Ziziphus tomentosa Poir.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or tree 3-16(-20) m tall, armed with spinous stipules (one curved, one straight) or rarely unarmed; trunk to 45 cm Ø, 1,5 m in girth; bark greyish-dark brown, fissured; crown of densely tangled drooping branches;[?]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Cultivated, not known to be indigenous to Africa; cultivations, disturbed areas near settlements, along roads; riverine bushland or woodland; widespread in the drier parts of tropical Africa.
  1-1800 m alt.Probably originally from the Middle East or the Indian subcontinent. This species has the greatest world dispersal in the genus, widespread in Arabia, India, Far East, Australia (fide Burkill, l.c.).[?]
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:perennial-Tree, Shrub- Ht up to 15 m. Distribution KN

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 139 (1986).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • QUÉZEL, P. & S. SANTA (1963). NOUVELLE FLORE DE L'ALGÉRIE et des régions désertiques méridionales. vol. [2] CNRS., Paris. [p.620]
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore du Sahara. (ed. 2). Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS.), Paris, 622p. [p.336]
  • GREUTER, W., M. BURDET & G.LONG (1989). MED-CHECKLIST. [vol. 4] Conservatoire & Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève. [p.458]
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice. [p.307]
  • BENABID, A (2000). Flore et écosystèmes du Maroc. Evaluation et préservation de la biodiversité. Éd. Ibis Press & Kalila Wa Dimna, Paris - Rabat. 359p. [p.]
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: [339]
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Fl. Prat. Maroc 2: [239]

Bibliography other :
  • SAHKI, A. & R.SAHKI (2004). Le Hoggar, promenade botanique Esope Eds. [p.74]
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Tropicos
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 83592
 
Record n°83592 modified 2007-04-17
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