African Plant Database

Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman
Protologue : Blumea 13: 33 (1965)
Information on the genus : Prunus
Basionym : Pygeum africanum Hook. f.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Pygeum africanum Hook. f. (1864)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Pygeum crassifolium Hauman (1952)
=Prunus crassifolia (Hauman) Kalkman (1965)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Evergreen tree, much branched, entirely glabrous except for the flowers, 6-40 m tall with bole to 1 m Ø and clear to 10 m height, or rarely a shrub 3-5 m tall (in lava forest; Kenya); branches somewhat pendulous;
  see more in the book
Ecology : Upland rain-forest, montane and riverine forests; moist evergreen forest; on termitaria in Brachystegia woodland; edge of dry gallery forest; mixed Podocarpus latifolius forest with Olea capensis subsp. hochstetteri, Zyzygium, etc...
  Bioko/Fernando Poo, S. Tomé; S. Africa. P. africana reported from Grand Comoro and Madagascar may be specifically distinct, fide F. White & al., Evergreen Forest Fl. Malawi: 452, 2001).
  Red Data Listed in Cameroon: M. Cheek & al., Pl. Mt. Oku..: 157, 2000. - "Lower Risk near threatened on Mt. Cameroon fide S. Cable & M. Cheek, Pl. Mt. Cameroon: LIX, 1998. Superficially similar to Ilex mitis (Aquifoliaceae).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:perennial-Tree- Ht 3 - 40 m. Alt 150 - 2400 m. Distribution: LES, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NW, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Tree; Subhumid, Montane; Forest; 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m, 1500-1999 m, 2000-2499 m; distribution: Africa.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Blumea 13[1]: 33 (1965).
  • Mem. Bot. Surv. South Africa : 567 (1966).
  • Gen. Gram. : 210 (1986).
  • Gen. Gram. : 210 (1986).
  • Trees Natal, Zululand & Transkei : 116 (1993).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°84204 modified 2007-02-01
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