African Plant Database

Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.
Protologue : Tabl. Encycl. 2: 116 (1797)
Information on the genus : Toddalia
Basionym : Paullinia asiatica L.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Paullinia asiatica L. (1753)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Toddalia aculeata Pers. (1805)
=Toddalia rubricaulis Roem. & Schult. (1819)
=Scopolia angustifolia (Lam.) Spreng.
=Toddalia angustifolia Lam. (1793)
=Toddalia floribunda Wall. (1832)
=Scopolia nitida (Lam.) Spreng.
=Toddalia nitida Lam. (1793)
=Scopolia aculeata Sm.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Climbing or scrambling shrub or liane 2-15 m tall, dioecious; stems and often leaves with sharp recurved prickles to 5 mm long, also rusty-red hairy, soon glabrescent; leaves alternate 3-foliolate, gland-dotted; flowers 5-merous,[…]
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Ecology : Riverine forest margins; forest clearings, secondary regrowth; woodland, grassland; also grassland thickets; upland rain-forest with Albizia, Macaranga, Croton, Ocotea, forest edge; along rivers and streams; –Widespread
  A variable species; several varieties described from Asia. In Africa rather uniform (perhaps a recent introduction?). Female flowers seem to be rare in collections from Africa, not seen from Ethiopia (fide M. G. Gilbert in Fl. Eth. 3: 424, 1989).
  1-3300 m alt. Sometimes used as a hedge plant and for fodder.
  S. Africa(Transvaal),Swaziland;Madagascar,Comoros,Seychelles,Mascarene Isl.;India,Sri Lanka eastwards to Taiwan,Borneo, Philippines(map by Verdoorn in Bull. Misc. Inf. Kew 1926: 390). Presence in Gabon possible(Walker&Sillans,Pl. utiles Gabon:31,1961)
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:perennial-Shrub, Climber- Ht 1.5 - 12 m. Alt 300 - 1600 m. Distribution: LP, MP, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Liana; Humid; Forest; 1000-1499 m; distribution: Comoros, Mascarenes, Seychelles, Africa, Asia,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
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Record n°89747
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