African Plant Database


Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.
Family : RUTACEAE
Protologue : Tabl. Encycl. 2: 116 (1797)
Information on the genus : Toddalia
Basionym : Paullinia asiatica L.
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Paullinia asiatica L. (1753)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Toddalia aculeata Pers. (1805)
=Toddalia rubricaulis Roem. & Schult. (1819)
=Scopolia angustifolia (Lam.) Spreng.
=Toddalia angustifolia Lam. (1793)
=Toddalia floribunda Wall. (1832)
=Scopolia nitida (Lam.) Spreng.
=Toddalia nitida Lam. (1793)
=Scopolia aculeata Sm.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Climbing or scrambling shrub or liane 2-15 m tall, dioecious; stems and often leaves with sharp recurved prickles to 5 mm long, also rusty-red hairy, soon glabrescent; leaves alternate 3-foliolate, gland-dotted; flowers 5-merous,[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Riverine forest margins; forest clearings, secondary regrowth; woodland, grassland; also grassland thickets; upland rain-forest with Albizia, Macaranga, Croton, Ocotea, forest edge; along rivers and streams; –Widespread
  A variable species; several varieties described from Asia. In Africa rather uniform (perhaps a recent introduction?). Female flowers seem to be rare in collections from Africa, not seen from Ethiopia (fide M. G. Gilbert in Fl. Eth. 3: 424, 1989).
  1-3300 m alt. Sometimes used as a hedge plant and for fodder.
  S. Africa(Transvaal),Swaziland;Madagascar,Comoros,Seychelles,Mascarene Isl.;India,Sri Lanka eastwards to Taiwan,Borneo, Philippines(map by Verdoorn in Bull. Misc. Inf. Kew 1926: 390). Presence in Gabon possible(Walker&Sillans,Pl. utiles Gabon:31,1961)
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:perennial-Shrub, Climber- Ht 1.5 - 12 m. Alt 300 - 1600 m. Distribution: LP, MP, SWZ
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Liana; Humid; Forest; 1000-1499 m; distribution: Comoros, Mascarenes, Seychelles, Africa, Asia,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 89747
 
Record n°89747
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