African Plant Database

Zanthoxylum capense (Thunb.) Harv.
Information on the genus : Zanthoxylum
Basionym : Fagara capensis Thunb.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Fagara capensis Thunb.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Zanthoxylum thunbergii var. obtusifolia Harv.
=Fagara magalismontana Engl. (1911)
=Fagara armata Thunb.
=Fagara multifoliolata auct. sensu Engl., non Hemsley
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree or slender shrub, much branched, 4-10 m tall; trunk in larger trees with corky spine-tipped knobs; bark grey; branchlets smooth, spiny; spines straight, to 8 mm long; young branchlets and inflorescences minutely pubescent or glabrous[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Dry forest and woodland, bush; in stony places, hillsides; on sandy soils; in bush groups; very common; sometimes up in the mist-belt.
  Very variable, with small- and large-leaved forms. Great variability in juvenile shoots, suckers and coppiced specimens.
  5-2000 m alt. (S. Africa).Frequently and variously misinterpreted. Thunberg specimens at Uppsala Herbarium (Sweden) not homogeneous (3 of 4 specimens are Clausena anisata), etc. (see Fl. Zambes 2/1: 187, 1963).
  S. Africa, Swaziland.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:perennial-Tree, Shrub- Ht 4 - 10 m. Alt 5 - 2000 m. Distribution: EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NW, WC, SWZ

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1963). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 2[1]: 185

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Mem. Bot. Surv. South Africa : 577 (1966).
  • Fl. Pl. Africa 42: t.1671 (1973).
  • Gen. Gram. : 341 (1986).
  • Trees Natal, Zululand & Transkei : 184 (1993).
  • Wild Flrs north. South Africa : 210 (1997).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°89751
Feedback about this record