African Plant Database


Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepern. & Timler
Family : RUTACEAE
Information on the genus : Zanthoxylum
Basionym : Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam.
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Fagara senegalensis (DC.) A. Chev.
=Zanthoxylum senegalense DC. (1824)
=Fagara xanthoxyloides Lam.
=Zanthoxylum polygamum Schumach.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or low-branching shrubby, very prickly tree to c. 12(-16) m tall; trunk grey, with large woody thorns falling later, bark finely fissured longitudinally; thorns present on older branches, branchlets, the latter glabrous; leaves glabrous[?]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Savanna, thickets, dry and transitional forests, forest patches on dry ground, secondary dry forests; coastal dunes and thickets; termite mounds (Burkina Faso); locally abundant in coastal areas.
  Sometimes planted. Bark of roots and stems toxic. Seeds used for necklaces, also used as pepper. Young shoots and twigs used as chew-sticks.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 2: 202 (1992).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 605 (2006).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Tropicos
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
 
Map
carte afrique num 89787
 
Record n°89787
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