African Plant Database

Citrus ×limon (L.) Burm. f.
Protologue : Fl. Ind. (N. L. Burman)1 173 (1768)
Information on the genus : Citrus
Basionym : Citrus medica var. limon L.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (cultivated)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Citrus medica var. limon L. (1753)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Citrus limonum Risso
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Spiny tree 3-6 m; leaves ovate, 5-10 x 3-6 cm, serrate, petiole margined, not winged, with a distinct articulation with the blade; flowers 4-5 cm Ø, petals pink in bud; stamens 20-40; fruit ellipsoid, pale yellow; peel thick, adherent; pulp very sour.
Ecology : Widely cultivated for (at lower alt. in e.g. Ethiopia) as source of lemon-juice; also grown as live hedge; also naturalised (e.g. on the banks of tributaries of the Zambeze R., “floresta dos limoeiros”).
Biol./Eco : Shrub, Tree; Subhumid, Dry, Subarid; Forest, uncertain; 0-499 m, 500-999 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 94-95 (1986).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°90372 modified 2009-09-15
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