African Plant Database

Azima tetracantha Lam.
Protologue : Encycl. (Lamarck) 1(1): 343 (1783) 
Information on the genus : Azima
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Monetia barlerioides L'Hér. (1784)
=Azima tetracantha var. pubescens H. Perrier (1946)
=Azima spinosissima Engl.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Evergreen spiny dioecious shrub, sometimes scrambling, much branched, tangled, 0,5-3 m tall; spines axillary, paired, to 4 cm long, pale green, glabrous (to ± pubescent or hairy); branches ± angled, often arching or scandent;[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Mangrove edges, sea-dunes, coastal bushland, not far from high-water mark; in scrub on eroded ground, and particularly on saline or alkaline soils near lakes and seasonal rivers; rocky bushy maritime hilly places;[…]
  Varies considerably over its wide range, but distinctive: length of inflorescences, simple branched, i.e. flowers may be solitary, in pairs, glomerules or cymes; also variable in shape of leaves; male plants may be ± spineless.
  0-1740 m alt.Spineless shoots are easily confused with Salvadora persica (sometimes mixed on herbarium sheets); if fruits are present, the larger ones of Azima are recognizable.A variety pubescens H. Perrier described from Madagascar .
  Namibia, S. Africa, Swaziland; Madagascar, Aldabra, Comoro Isl., Mascarenes (Mauritius, recently introduced), Arabia (Oman, Yemen fide Thulin & al. In[…])India, Sri Lanka, to the Philippines.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:perennial-Shrub, Dwarf shrub, Climber- Ht 0.4 - 8 m. Alt 5 - 1000 m. Distribution: NAM, EC, KN, LP, WC, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Shrub, Tree; Subhumid, Dry, Subarid; Thicket, Forest, Dunes; 0-499 m, 500-999 m; distribution: Comoros, Mascarenes, Seychelles, Africa, Asia,

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 150 (1997).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
carte afrique num 90456
Record n°90456 modified 2007-01-22
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