African Plant Database

Azima tetracantha Lam.
Protologue : Encycl. (Lamarck) 1(1): 343 (1783) 
Information on the genus : Azima
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Monetia barlerioides L'Hér. (1784)
=Azima tetracantha var. pubescens H. Perrier (1946)
=Azima spinosissima Engl.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Evergreen spiny dioecious shrub, sometimes scrambling, much branched, tangled, 0,5-3 m tall; spines axillary, paired, to 4 cm long, pale green, glabrous (to ± pubescent or hairy); branches ± angled, often arching or scandent;[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Mangrove edges, sea-dunes, coastal bushland, not far from high-water mark; in scrub on eroded ground, and particularly on saline or alkaline soils near lakes and seasonal rivers; rocky bushy maritime hilly places;[…]
  Varies considerably over its wide range, but distinctive: length of inflorescences, simple branched, i.e. flowers may be solitary, in pairs, glomerules or cymes; also variable in shape of leaves; male plants may be ± spineless.
  0-1740 m alt.Spineless shoots are easily confused with Salvadora persica (sometimes mixed on herbarium sheets); if fruits are present, the larger ones of Azima are recognizable.A variety pubescens H. Perrier described from Madagascar .
  Namibia, S. Africa, Swaziland; Madagascar, Aldabra, Comoro Isl., Mascarenes (Mauritius, recently introduced), Arabia (Oman, Yemen fide Thulin & al. In[…])India, Sri Lanka, to the Philippines.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:perennial-Shrub, Dwarf shrub, Climber- Ht 0.4 - 8 m. Alt 5 - 1000 m. Distribution: NAM, EC, KN, LP, WC, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Shrub, Tree; Subhumid, Dry, Subarid; Thicket, Forest, Dunes; 0-499 m, 500-999 m; distribution: Comoros, Mascarenes, Seychelles, Africa, Asia,

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 150 (1997).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°90456 modified 2007-01-22
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