African Plant Database

Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud.
Protologue : Unio Itin. In sched., W.Schimper s.n (1832)
Information on the genus : Osyris
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A. Rich. (1850)
=Osyris quadripartita Salzm. ex Decne. (1836)
=Osyris abyssinica f. latifolia Fiori
=Osyris arborea Wall. ex A. DC.
=Osyris densifolia Peter (1932)
=Osyris laeta Peter (1932)
=Osyris oblanceolata Peter (1932)
=Osyris parvifolia Baker (1913)
=Osyris rigidissima Engl. (1892)
=Osyris tenuifolia Engl. (1895)
=Osyris urundiensis De Wild. (1925)
=Osyris wightiana Wall. ex Wight
=Osyris quadripartita var. canariensis Kämmer (1975)
=Osyris compressa auct. auct., non (Berg.) A. DC.
=Osyris pendula Balf. f.
=Osyris quadrifida Salzm. ex A. DC.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or small tree 1,2-9(-14) m tall, all parts glabrous; sometimes with pendent branches; trunk 60-90 cm in girth at base; bark coarsely furrowed, slash bright crimson; leaves alternate; flowers hermaphrodite (in axils of upper leaves) or male[…]
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Ecology : Evergreen bushland or scrub, usually in rocky places, also where the original vegetation has been cleared; forest margins; grassland; rocky thickets with Clutia benguelensis; Brachystegia and Juniperus, Podocarpus, Combretum […] (50-)900-2900 m alt.
  Considerable variation in size and shape of leaves.
  The species has sometimes been included in O. compressa (with opposite leaves and hermaphrodite flowers).
  Europe (S half of Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Isl.); Morocco, Algeria; Tenerife (Canary Isl.); Namibia, S. Africa, Botswana, Swaziland; Socotra, tropical Arabia; Asia from India-Nepal to S China.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:perennial-Shrub- Ht 1.5 - 4 m. Alt up to 3000 m. Distribution: BOT, LES, NAM, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW, SWZ

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 269

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • KLOPPER R.R., CHATELAIN C,. & AL. (2006). Checklist Flowering Plants of Sub-Saharan Africa. Sabonet report 42 : 606

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • BATTANDIER, J.A & L.C. TRABUT (1890). Flore de l'Algérie [Dicot] 1(4): 784 
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 171 (1932). 
  • METRO, A & C. SAUVAGE (1955). Flore des végétaux ligneux de la Mamora. La Nature au Maroc. : 200
  • BRAMWELL, D. (1969). On Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud. (Santalaceae) in the Canary Islands. Cuad. Bot. Canaria 6: 13-14
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Teline: Biodiversité végétale du sud-ouest marocain
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°90791
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