African Plant Database

Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Family : Ulmaceae
Protologue : Mus. Bot. 2: 62 (1856)
Information on the genus : Trema
Basionym : Celtis orientalis L.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Celtis orientalis L. (1753)
 Sponia orientalis (L.) Planch. (1848)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Celtis madagascariensis Bojer
=Celtis guineensis Schumach. & Thonn. (1827)
=Sponia guineensis (Schumach. & Thonn.) Planch. (1873)
=Trema guineensis (Schumach. & Thonn.) Ficalho (1884)
=Trema guineensis var. parvifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) Engl.
=Celtis guineensis var. parvifolia Schumach. & Thonn.
=Sponia bracteolata Hochst. (1845)
=Trema bracteolata (Hochst.) Blume (1856)
=Sponia glomerata Hochst. (1845)
=Trema glomerata (Hochst.) Blume (1856)
=Sponia africana Planch. (1848)
=Trema africana (Planch.) Blume (1856)
=Sponia nitens Planch. (1848)
=Trema nitens (Planch.) Blume (1856)
=Sponia strigosa Planch. (1848)
=Trema strigosa (Planch.) Blume (1856)
=Trema guineensis var. hochstetteri (Planch.) Engl.
=Sponia hochstetteri Planch. (1873)
=Trema guineensis var. paucinervia Hauman
=Sponia orientalis var. asperata Solms
=Trema guineensis var. asperata (Solms) Cufod.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or tree 4-8-26 m tall; bole cylindrical, slender, 20-40 cm Ø; bark smooth with brownish, regular, bilabiate lenticels far between; branches and twigs sub-horizontal, slightly ascending, brittle; crown conical or bowl-shaped; young twigs straight[...]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Mainly in regrowth vegetation in the forest regions, where it is often abundant and grows rapidly. Also in moist situations in the savannas; valleys with forest; dry dense forests; rain-forest with[…] Plant short-lived (10 years); soil improver. 0-2100 m alt.
  Very variable.
  Throughout Africa south of the Sahara but absent from west and south Cape; Madagascar, Mascarene Islands; Arabia; Tropical Asia.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology:perennial-Tree, Shrub- Ht 1.5 - 18 m. Alt 3 - 1980 m. Distribution: NAM, EC, KN, LP, MP, NW, SWZ

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • BOUDET G. & J.P. LEBRUN (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16 : 185
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:170 (2012)
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 202
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 534

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Bothalia 29: 241-243 (1999).
  • Bothalia 29: 242 (1999).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°95070 modified 2007-01-29
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