Base de données des plantes d'Afrique


Sansevieria canaliculata Carrière
Famille : Dracaenaceae
Famille (APGIII) : ASPARAGACEAE
Protologue : Rev. Hort. [Paris] 449 (1861)
Informations sur le genre : Sansevieria
 
 
Statut
Statut pour TA : accepté (présent)
 
Synonyme(s) hétérotypique(s)
=Sansevieria schimperi Baker (1898)
=Sansevieria sulcata Bojer ex Baker
=Sansevieria pfennigii Mbugua
 
Ecologie et distribution
Afr. Trop.
Biologie : Stemless perennial herb with creeping rhizome c. 1,3 cm thick; leaves 1-2 per shoot, terete, 0,35-1 m x 0,5-2 cm, dull green, with 5-6 longitudinal grooves, apex with a 3 mm long point; flowering stem short, 12,5-13,5 cm long, inflorescence a rather lax, spike-like pseudo-raceme; flowers white, tinged green, in clusters of 3; perianth 3-4,2 cm long, tube 1,8-2,5 cm, lobes 1,2-1,7 cm long; berry globose, blackish when dry.
Ecologie : Near lake-shore, swamp, pools; sometimes in large groups; sandstone outcrops; 50-250 m alt. Described from a cultivated plant of unknown origin. Rzepecky (in Sansevieria 29: 22, 2013) writes about the plant’s presence in Madagascar: “ Just but few words about the origin of the eastern tropical African Sansevieria canaliculata Carrière, Henri Perrier de la Bâthie considered it as probably introduced by the Arabs or by the Antaloatra from Comoros or from Zanzibar. If so, the plant is naturalised, distributed all along the west of the Anstiranana district, and restricted to coastal sands, as is also the case in the islands of the Comoros archipelago”.
  Still widely used for fibre extraction in NE Mozambique (Sansevieria 25: 3, 2011). – Easy to grow in collections.
  Madagascar: Brown's cited one spec. from Somalia, but Thulin found no material according with the description
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Herb; Dry, Subhumid; ; 0-499 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.
 
Plus d'info sur :
voir d'autres informations sous Jstor_African Plant Initiative
voir d'autres informations sous The International Plant Name Index
voir d'autres informations sous Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
 
Carte
carte afrique num 14170
 
Enregistrement n°14170 modifié le 2013-12-04
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