Base de données des plantes d'Afrique


Ledebouria revoluta (L. f.) Jessop
Famille : Hyacinthaceae
Famille (APGIII) : ASPARAGACEAE
Protologue : J. S. African Bot. 36: 255 (1970)
Informations sur le genre : Ledebouria
Basionyme : Hyacinthus revolutus L. f.
 
 
Statut
Statut pour SA : accepté (présent)
Statut pour TA : accepté (présent)
 
Synonyme(s) homotypique(s)
 Hyacinthus revolutus L. f. (1782)
 Drimia revoluta (L. f.) Kunth (1843)
 Scilla revoluta (L. f.) Baker
 
Synonyme(s) hétérotypique(s)
=Scilla albomarginata Van der Merwe (1944)
=Scilla asperifolia Van der Merwe (1944)
=Scilla carnosula Van der Merwe (1944)
=Lachenalia lanceifolia Jacq.
=Scilla lanceifolia (Jacq.) Baker
=Drimia lanceifolia (Jacq.) Ker Gawl.
=Scilla chiovendae Cufod. (1939)
=Ledebouria hyacinthina Roth (1821)
=Scilla hyacinthina (Roth) J.F. Macbr. (1918)
=*Scilla indica Baker
=Scilla neumannii Engl. (1902)
=Scilla richardiana Buchinger ex Baker
=Drimia brevifolia Baker (1898)
=Eratobotrys bifolia Hochst. ex A. Rich. (1850)
=Scilla spathulata Baker (1870)
=Lachenalia maculata Tratt.
=Scilla maculata Schrank
=Drimia acuminata Lodd.
=Barnardia indica Wight
=Ledebouria yemensis (Deflers) Speta
=Scilla lanceifolia var. longiracemosa Engl. & Gilg
=Scilla yemensis Deflers
 
Ecologie et distribution
Afr. Trop.
Biologie : Herb 6-45 cm tall; bulb ovoid, 2,5-7,5-12 cm high, outer scales dark and papery; leaves 4-8, not always fully developed at anthesis, narrowly to broadly lanceolate, 5-35x2-13 cm, often with purple spots or irregular blotches, or uniformly green, sometimes with a pseudopetiole to 7 cm long; inflorescence 3-25 cm long, ± lax to dense, with up to 100-150 flowers; scape 3-30 cm long, erect or slightly curved; pedicels 2-15 mm long, spreading; flowers greenish to pink or purple; tepals 3-8 mm long, revolute; capsule subglobose or sometimes schizocarpous, 4-6 mm long.
Ecologie : Grassland; bushland; woodland; often on sandy soils at rocky places; sporadic, but often abundant; clay soil; edges of cultivated fields; 0-2800 m alt.
  Polymorphic species. Some S. African species recorded by, e.g. Jessop, from our area may belong here (due to confusion), perhaps also L. zambesiaca (see this species below).
  Scilla lilacina (Fenzl ex Kunth) Baker from Sudan and Ethiopia is closely related to or perhaps conspecific with L. revoluta. Further studies are needed.
  S. Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Swaziland (map: Venter, 2008: 137); SW Arabian Peninsula, India, Sri Lanka.
Afr. Austr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Geophyte- Ht 0.02 - 0.25 m. Alt: 45 - 3000 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, EC, FS, KN, LP, MP, NW, WC, SWZ

Bibliographie pour l'Afrique Tropicale :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliographie pour l'Afrique Australe :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 23: t.913 (1943).
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 24: t.958 (1944).
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 24: t.944 (1944).
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 24: t.947 (1944).
 
Plus d'info sur :
voir d'autres informations sous Jstor_African Plant Initiative
voir d'autres informations sous The International Plant Name Index
voir d'autres informations sous African Plants - a Photo Guide
voir d'autres informations sous Flora of Zimbabwe
 
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