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Dichapetalum madagascariense Poir.
Famille : DICHAPETALACEAE
Protologue : Encycl. (Lamarck) Suppl. 2 470 (1812) 
Informations sur le genre : Dichapetalum
 
 
Statut
Statut pour MA : accepté, NF (présent)
Statut pour TA : accepté, NF (présent)
 
Synonyme(s) homotypique(s)
 Dichapetalum madagascariense Poir. var. madagascariense
 
Synonyme(s) hétérotypique(s)
=*Dichapetalum thouarsianum Roem. & Schult. (1819)
=*Chailletia dichapetalum DC. (1825)
=Chailletia fasciculata Spreng. (1825)
=Dichapetalum brownii Baill. (1892)
=Chailletia dichapetalum f. multiflora Tul. (1857)
=Dichapetalum multiflorum (Tul.) Desc. (1962)
=Dichapetalum thouarsianum var. pubescens Desc. (1960)
=Rhamnus paniculatus Thonn. ex Schumach.
=Dichapetalum beniense Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum madagascariense var. beniense (Engl.) Breteler (1973)
=Dichapetalum flabellatiflorum Hauman (1955)
=Ceanothus guineensis DC.
=Dichapetalum guineense (DC.) Keay (1955)
=Dichapetalum ombrophilum K. Krause (1912)
=Dichapetalum paniculatum Thonn. ex Schumach. (1919)
=Dichapetalum pynaertii De Wild.
=Dichapetalum rowlandii Hutch. & Dalziel (1928)
=Chailletia subcordata Hook. f. ex Benth. (1849)
=Dichapetalum subcordatum (Hook. f. ex Benth.) Engl. (1896)
=Chailletia thomsonii Oliv. (1868)
=Dichapetalum thomsonii (Oliv.) Engl. (1896)
=Dichapetalum thouarsianum var. macrophyllum (Tul.) Desc.
=Chailletia dichapetalum f. macrophylla Tul. (1825)
=Dichapetalum ubangiense De Wild. (1919)
=Chailletia dichapetalum var. pubescens Desc. (1825)
=Dichapetalum abrupti-acuminatum De Wild. (1919)
=Dichapetalum batanganum Engl. & Ruhland (1904)
=Dichapetalum brevitubulosum Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum cicinnatum Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum flavovirens Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum dodoense Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum subcoriaceum Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum bakerianum Exell (1927)
=Dichapetalum dundusanense De Wild. (1919)
=Dichapetalum chrysobalanoides Hutch. & Dalziel (1928)
=Dichapetalum fulvialabastrum De Wild. (1919)
=Dichapetalum flaviflorum Engl.
=Dichapetalum gossweileri Engl. (1912)
=Dichapetalum buvumense Baker f. (1905)
=Dichapetalum glandulosum De Wild. (1919)
 
Taxons infra-spécifiques
Dichapetalum madagascariense var. brevistylum Breteler (1981)
Dichapetalum madagascariense Poir. var. madagascariense
 
Ecologie et distribution
Afr. Trop.
Biologie : Medium-sized liane, scandent shrub, shrub, or small tree to 10 m tall; main trunk to 30 cm Ø and 1,7 m in girth; woodcylinder entire to shallowly (or rarely deeply) lobed; bark pale grey to blackish, rather smooth, distinctly lenticellate or not;
Ecologie : The ecology covers a wide range of habitats; rain-forest, riverine forest and associated bushland; deciduous woodland; savanna; 0-1700 m alt. (var. madagascariense); upland evergreen, moist forest; 1500-2400 m alt. (var. brevistylum Breteler).
  Extremely variable in habit (the most variable species in the genus) and in inflorescences.
  Bioko/Fernando Poo; Comores; Madagascar.
  Comprises 2 vars. "A division .. into .. 5-10 varieties could easily be framed and would accomodate 50-60 % of the available material, but the remainder would not fit in" (Breteler in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 81-10: 12, 1981).
  Cultivated with success in greenhouses at Wageningen (Netherlands).
  Pulp of fruit and seeds edible, fide H. M. Burkill, Useful Pl. W. Trop. Afr. 1: 647-648, 1985.
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Shrub, Tree, Liana; Humid, Subhumid, Dry; Forest, Anthropic; 0-499 m, 500-999 m; distribution: Comoros, Africa,
 
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voir d'autres informations sous Flore d'Afrique Centrale
voir d'autres informations sous The International Plant Name Index
voir d'autres informations sous Catalogue de Madagascar
voir d'autres informations sous Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
 
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