Base de données des plantes d'Afrique


Bulbophyllum comatum Lindl.
Famille : ORCHIDACEAE
Informations sur le genre : Bulbophyllum
 
 
Statut
Statut pour TA : accepté, NF (présent)
 
Synonyme(s) homotypique(s)
 Bulbophyllum comatum Lindl. var. comatum
 
Synonyme(s) hétérotypique(s)
=Bulbophyllum kraenzlianum De Wild.
=Bulbophyllum hirsutissimum auct. Kraenzl. 1914
 
Taxons infra-spécifiques
Bulbophyllum comatum Lindl. var. comatum
Bulbophyllum comatum var. inflatum (Rolfe) J.J. Verm.
 
Ecologie et distribution
Afr. Trop.
Biologie : Epiphytic herb; pseudobulbs 1-3,5 cm apart, 1-leafed, ovoid, 1-4x1-2 cm, ± flattened, (2-)4-angled; leaf petiolate (3-15 mm), oblong to linear, 9-27x1,2-5 cm, acuminate; inflorescence 5-14 cm long, 25-65-flowered, pendent; peduncle 3-9 cm long; rachis flattened, 2-6 cm long, to 2 cm wide, glabrous or woolly; bracts ± ovate, 7-12x1,2-4 mm; flowers set in a reticulate pattern, not fully open, reddish (var. comatum) or yellowish green with purple flecks (var. inflatum); pedicel and ovary, with fine ribbon-like hairs; sepals oblong-ovate, 5,5-10x2-3,5 mm; petals obovate, 2-4x1-1,5 mm; lip recurved, oblong, 1,6-3,5x0,5-1,5 mm.
Ecologie : Forest; evergreen forest; hill forest; on shaded tree trunks and basal part of large branches; open vegetation on ridges; open cocoa farmland, with Persea americana, Dacryodes edulis, Coffea sp., Musa sp.; 0-2300 m alt.
  See also below under B. hirsutissimum.
  Bioko/Fernando Poo (Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 43/1: 20, 1998), S. Tomé & Príncipe (Stévart & de Oliveira, Guide orchid. S. Tomé & Príncipe: 117, 2000; Acta Bot. Gall. 147: 170, 2000; Figueiredo & al. in Bothalia 41: 63, 2011).
  Comprises 2 vars.: - var. comatum [syn.: B. kraenzlinianum De Wild.], with fine ribbon-like white hairs on ovary and sepals, in Nigeria E-wards through to Cameroon-Gulf of Guinea Isl.; - var. inflatum (Rolfe) J. J. Verm., with sparse short hairs on ovary and fewer long white hairs on sepals, occurring in the whole distribution range.
 
Plus d'info sur :
voir d'autres informations sous Jstor_African Plant Initiative
voir d'autres informations sous Flore d'Afrique Centrale
voir d'autres informations sous Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
 
Carte
carte afrique num 175908
 
Enregistrement n°175908 modifié le 2007-04-02
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