Base de données des plantes d'Afrique

Habenaria procera (Sw. ex Pers.) Lindl.
Protologue : Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 318 (1835)
Informations sur le genre : Habenaria
Basionyme : Orchis procera Sw. ex Pers.
Statut pour TA : accepté, NF (présent)
Synonyme(s) homotypique(s)
 Habenaria procera (Sw. ex Pers.) Lindl. var. procera
 Orchis procera Sw. ex Pers. (1805)
Synonyme(s) hétérotypique(s)
=Habenaria gabonensis var. psiloceras (Welw. ex Rchb. f.) Summerh.
=Habenaria psiloceras Welw. ex Rchb. f.
=Habenaria milnei Rchb. f.
=Habenaria procera var. gabonensis (Rchb. f.) Geerinck
=Habenaria gabonensis Rchb. f. var. gabonensis
=Habenaria gabonensis Rchb. f. (1852)
=Habenaria staudtiana Kraenzl.
=Habenaria staudtii Kraenzl. ex Rolfe (1898)
=Habenaria ochyrae Szlach. & Olszewski (1998)
Taxons infra-spécifiques
Habenaria procera (Sw. ex Pers.) Lindl. var. procera
Ecologie et distribution
Afr. Trop.
Biologie : Terrestrial, epiphytic (usually) or lithophytic herb 15-90 cm tall, glabrous, with many thick fleshy roots; leaves cauline, 6-8, petiolate (3 cm), in lower part of stem; blade elliptic, 7-30-60x1,5-7 cm, decreasing in size up the stem; flowers resupinate, white; bracts ovate-lanceolate, 18-20-35 mm long; pedicel and ovary 45-60 mm long; dorsal sepal ovate, much convex, 8-12x5-8 mm; laterals deflexed, ovate, 10-12x c. 6 mm; petals entire, oblanceolate, 9-12x3-7 mm; lip 3-lobed from rectangular claw 2-6 mm long, lobes linear; midlobe 11-18 mm long, side-lobes 10-27 mm; spur filiform, 47-110-160 mm long, curved, slightly swollen in apical half.
Ecologie : Rain-forest, among ferns and mosses on trunks and in axils of branches of several tree species; often on Elaeis guineensis; in humus among rocks, and in shady rock fissures; lava flows; damp shady areas by rivers; grassy places amongst rocks; damp or swampy places with Cyperaceae; herbaceous fringes of inselbergs; cocoa plantations; 0-1600 m alt.
  Very variable species.
  – Habenaria procera, Scleria melanotricha, Utricularia andongensis are character species of the Sclerio melanotrichae-Habenarietalia procerae plant community (Parmentier & Müller in Phytocoenologia 36: 573-581, 2006; also ibid.: 547-564),described from West and Atlantic Central Africa. Forming xeric mats and occurring in herbaceous fringes on inselbergs. 3 varieties have been recognised (but there is much overlap between them), viz. var. procera with floral bracts to 35 mm long, pedicel 8-15 mm; var. gabonensis with floral bracts to 20 mm long, pedicel 20-35 mm, in W part of range; var. psiloceras with spur 130-160 mm long, in Angola-Zambia; H. ochyrae, terrestrial, was described from SW Congo-Brazzaville, Bouenza Falls (3°53’Sx13°42’E), on a differing flower lip structure; its bracts are up to 20 mm long, pedicel and ovary 50 mm, spur 85-90 mm long.
  Bioko/Fernando Poo, Príncipe.

Bibliographie pour l'Afrique Tropicale :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:65 (2012)
Plus d'info sur :
voir d'autres informations sous Jstor_African Plant Initiative
voir d'autres informations sous Flore d'Afrique Centrale
voir d'autres informations sous Fgui
voir d'autres informations sous The International Plant Name Index
voir d'autres informations sous Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
voir d'autres informations sous African Plants - a Photo Guide
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