Base de données des plantes d'Afrique


Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Famille : ARECACEAE
Protologue : Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist. 280 (1763)
Informations sur le genre : Elaeis
 
 
Statut
Statut pour MA : accepté (naturalisé)
Statut pour TA : accepté (présent)
 
Synonyme(s) hétérotypique(s)
=Elaeis dybowskii Hua (1895)
=*Elaeis macrophylla A. Chev. (1910)
=*Elaeis guineensis subsp. nigrescens A. Chev. (1910)
=Elaeis guineensis subsp. virescens A. Chev. (1910)
=Elaeis guineensis var. madagascariensis Jum. & H. Perrier (1911)
=Elaeis madagascariensis (Jum. & H. Perrier) Becc. (1914)
=Elaeis guineensis f. androgyna A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis f. caryolitica Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis f. dioica A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis f. dura Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis f. fatua Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis f. ramosa A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis f. semidura Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis f. tenera Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis var. albescens Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis var. angulosa Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis var. ceredia A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. compressa Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis var. gracilinux A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. idolatrica A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. intermedia A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. leucocarpa Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis var. macrocarpa A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. macrophylla A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. macrosperma Welw.
=Elaeis guineensis var. microsperma Welw.
=Elaeis guineensis var. pisifera A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. repandra A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. rostrata Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis var. sempernigra A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. spectabilis A. Chev.
=Elaeis melanococca Gaertn.
=*Elaeis nigrescens (A. Chev.) Prain
 
Ecologie et distribution
Afr. Trop.
Biologie : Stem to 30 m tall and 40-50 cm in diameter, almost always straight and densely covered by leaf sheath remnants; leaves up to 50, to 8 m long, frequently with an arched rachis and more or less regularly inserted, clustered leaflets; inflorescences and infructescences tightly compressed by the surrounding leaf sheaths; fruits 3-4 cm long, 2-3 cm in diameter, topped by a solid stigmatic remain.
Ecologie : This palm is mostly associated to humid areas and riparian locations, normally associated to semi-shadow conditions; however, it easily adapts to a wide range of vegetation types including open savannahs or secondary forests. Elaeis guineensis is distributed in lowland, humid areas of West Africa and the Congo Basin. It also occurs in restricted riparian locations in East and Southern Africa, Madagascar (probably introduced) and the off-shore Indian and Atlantic Ocean islands
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Tree; Subarid; Anthropic; 0-499 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliographie pour l'Afrique Tropicale :
  • Hutchinson, J. & J.M. Dalziel (1968). Flora of West Tropical Africa: Second Edition 3(1): 161
  • Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Palmae : 50 (1986).
  • Scripta Bot. Belg. 4: 106 (1993).
  • Pl. Mt Cameroon : 179 (1998).
  • Bases Doc. Fl. Guinea Equat. : 375 (1999).
  • S. Afr. Bot. Div. Network Report 30: 120 (2004)
  • Sosef & al (2006). Check-list des Plantes Vasculaires du Gabon.
  • Fl. anal. Bénin : 56 (2006).
  • Woody Pl. W. Afr. Forest : 868 (2006).
  • Fl. Rép. Guinée : 383 (2009).
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (2010). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 13(2): 66
  • Boissiera 65: 33 (2012).
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliographie pour l'Afrique Australe :
  • Strelitzia 22: 172 (2008).
 
Plus d'info sur :
voir d'autres informations sous Jstor_African Plant Initiative
voir d'autres informations sous African Plants - a Photo Guide
voir d'autres informations sous Flore d'Afrique Centrale
voir d'autres informations sous Fgui
voir d'autres informations sous The International Plant Name Index
voir d'autres informations sous Catalogue de Madagascar
voir d'autres informations sous Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
 
Carte
carte afrique num 33268
 
Enregistrement n°33268 modifié le 2009-07-01
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