Base de données des plantes d'Afrique


Bulbophyllum fuscum Lindl.
Famille : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Edward's Bot. Reg. 25 (Misc.): 3 (1839)
Informations sur le genre : Bulbophyllum
 
 
Statut
Statut pour TA : accepté, NF (présent)
 
Synonyme(s) homotypique(s)
 Bulbophyllum fuscum Lindl. var. fuscum
 
Synonyme(s) hétérotypique(s)
=Bulbophyllum ogoouense Guillaumin (1924)
 
Taxons infra-spécifiques
Bulbophyllum fuscum var. melinostachyum (Schltr.) J.J. Verm. (1986)
Bulbophyllum fuscum Lindl. var. fuscum
 
Ecologie et distribution
Afr. Trop.
Biologie : Epiphytic or lithophytic herb; pseudobulbs 1-13 cm apart, 2-leaved, ovoid, 1-4,5x0,4-1 cm, 4-angled; leaves elliptic or oblong, 1,5-10x0,7-1,5 cm; inflorescence erect, 4-12 cm long, 6-20-flowered; peduncle 3-6 cm long; rachis 1-7 cm long; bracts triangular, 1,5-6x1,5-4 mm; flowers distichous, borne sunk in shallow channels on opposing sides, yellow, greenish to orange brown, or dark red, all open at the same time; sepals ovate, 2-5x1-3 mm; petals linear, 1-3x0,2-0,7 mm; lip elliptic, 1-3x0,5-1,4 mm, fleshy, distinctly 3-lobed at base, side lobes small (var. fuscum) or entire (var. melinostachyum).
Ecologie : High evergreen forest; secondary forest with Lophira alata; gallery forest; Brachystegia woodland; on trunks and (high) branches of trees, on e.g., Dacryodes edulis; lava blocks; lichen-covered rocks; 0-2100 m alt.
  Marshall & Hawthorne in their Checklist north. Nimba County, Liberia, 2013: 441, treat B. fuscum var. fuscum as a synonym of B. acutibracteatum var. rubrobrunneopapillosum.
  Easily cultivated. First introduced in England from Sierra Leone by G. Loddiges at Hackney/London, described by Lindley in 1839. Leaves and pseudobulbs are used, pounded and infused as a remedy for heart complaints in Malawi (Morris in Orchid Rev. 1253: 274, 2003).
  Bioko/Fernando Poo. Also in Rwanda ?
  Comprises 2 vars.: - var. fuscum in W Africa to Angola; - var. melinostachyum (Schltr.) J. J. Verm. (bas.: B. melinostachyum Schltr.), also in E Africa. According to I. & E. la Croix, l.c., the differences between the two varieties are small and of little significance.
 
Plus d'info sur :
voir d'autres informations sous Jstor_African Plant Initiative
voir d'autres informations sous Flore d'Afrique Centrale
voir d'autres informations sous Fgui
voir d'autres informations sous The International Plant Name Index
voir d'autres informations sous Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
 
Carte
carte afrique num 44544
 
Enregistrement n°44544 modifié le 2009-05-27
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