African Plant Database

Scadoxus multiflorus (Martyn) Raf.
Protologue : Fl. Tellur. 4: 19 (1836)
Information on the genus : Scadoxus
Basionym : Haemanthus multiflorus Martyn
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Haemanthus multiflorus Martyn
 Scadoxus multiflorus (Martyn) Raf. subsp. multiflorus
 Nerissa multiflorus (Martyn) Salisb.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Haemanthus andrei De Wild. (1910)
=Haemanthus arnoldianus De Wild. & T. Durand (1901)
=Haemanthus bequaertii De Wild. (1921)
=Haemanthus bivalvis Beck (1888)
=Haemanthus ceciliae Baker (1906)
=Haemanthus cruentatus Schumach. & Thonn. (1827)
=Haemanthus eurysiphon Harms (1894)
=Haemanthus kalbreyeri Baker (1878)
=Haemanthus micrantherus Pax (1892)
=Haemanthus nicholsonii Baker (1898)
=Haemanthus rupestris Baker (1877)
=Haemanthus seretii De Wild. (1910)
=Haemanthus somalensis Baker (1895)
=Haemanthus zambesiacus Baker (1898)
=Haemanthus sacculus E. Phillips (1934)
=Haemanthus otaviensis Dinter (1931)
=Haemanthus mildbraedii Perkins (1910)
=Haemanthus filiflorus Hiern ex Baker (1878)
=Haemanthus lynesii Stapf (1923)
=Haemanthus abyssinicus Herb.
=Haemanthus arabicus M. Roem.
=Haemanthus colchicifolius Salisb.
Taxon infra-specific
Scadoxus multiflorus subsp. katharinae (Baker) Friis & Nordal
Scadoxus multiflorus (Martyn) Raf. subsp. multiflorus
Scadoxus multiflorus subsp. longitubus (C.H. Wright) I. Björnstad & Friis (1976)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 0,25-1 m tall, with a distinct elongated rhizome; bulb cylindrical
  see more in the book
Ecology : Acacia, Commiphora woodland or bushland; Buxus scrubland; loamy soils; deep muddy-clayey soil; moist shady sites in savannas; meadows;0-3000 m alt.
  Comprises 3 subspp.: -multiflorus, widespread in Africa, and variable; - subsp. Longitubus, lowland rain-forests of Sierre Leone through to Ghana; - subsp. katherinae, a very tall plant, in coastal areas from Swaziland S-wards to E. Cape (S. Africa)
  Flowers very decorative; often grown as an ornamental. Subsp. multiflorus is the only commonly cultivated, and widely offered in the commerce; produced in huge quantities by the Dutch nursery industry
  Cape Verde Isl.; Bioko/Fernando Poo; Namibia, S. Africa, Botswana, Swaziland; Saudi Arabia, Yemen (Kilian & al. in Willdenovia 34; 162, 2004), ? Oman.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:28 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°129697
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