African Plant Database

Eriospermum abyssinicum Baker
Family : Eriospermaceae
Protologue : J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 263 (1876)
Information on the genus : Eriospermum
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eriospermum bakerianum var. seineri (Engl. & K. Krause) Poelln.
=Eriospermum seineri Engl. & K. Krause (1910)
=Eriospermum bussei Dammer (1905)
=Eriospermum elatum Baker (1898)
=Eriospermum fleckii Schinz
=Eriospermum longipetiolatum Dammer (1905)
=Eriospermum luteorubrum Baker (1896)
=Eriospermum schinzii Engl. & K. Krause (1910)
=Eriospermum togoense Dammer (1905)
=Anthericum flagelliforme Baker (1872)
=Schizobasis flagelliformis (Baker) Baker (1876)
=*Eriospermum flagelliforme (Baker) J.C. Manning (2000)
=*Bulbine unifolia Schweinf.
=Eriospermum luteoalbum Baker
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 1-62 cm tall; tuber globose, 2-4,5 cm Ø, crowned with copious fibers; leaf solitary (or 2-3), lanceolate, leathery, glabrous, 9,5-20x0,8-3,5 cm, not found at same time as flowers; scape 2,5-40 cm long, dark red towards base; raceme 7-40 x to 10 cm, conical to corymbose, with 10-50 well-spaced flowers; lower pedicels (1,5-)5-18 cm long, upper ones often much shorter; flowers 0,3-1,4 cm Ø, campanulate to spreading or recurved; tepals 0,3-1 cm long, lemon to bright yellow with a red-streaked green midnerve; capsule turbinate, 0,6-1x0,5-0,7 cm.
Ecology : Rocky soil in grassland or open woodland; often in damp areas; cleared areas near stream; arid hill; sandy places; miombo and mopane woodland; well drained soils among rocks; supposed Cu-endemic in Katanga (Pl. Ecol. Evol. 143: 10, 2010); clayey-sandy soils; cobalt or manganese soils; rocky outcrop with wet flushes and thin soil with Selaginella njamnjamensis, Aeollanthus spp., Aloe sp., Loudetia arundinacea grassland on shallow soil, recently burnt; 50-2500 m alt.
  Very variable in height, leaf not always solitary. With local variants.
  The most common and widespread Eriospermum.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • J. S. African Bot. : 94 (1976).
  • Field Guide Wild Flrs Witwatersrand : 152 (1988).
  • Contr. Bolus Herb. 17: 1-320 (1994).
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 74 (1995).
  • Wild Flrs north. South Africa : 34 (1997).
  • Bothalia 30: 157 (2000).

Bibliography other :
  • Lebrun J.P. (1999). Supplément au Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Candollea 54(2): 374
More info on :
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see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°14385
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