African Plant Database

Acacia oerfota (Forssk.) Schweinf.
Family : Mimosaceae
Protologue : Bull. Herb. Boissier 4, app. 2: 213 (1896) [as “A. Orfota”] 
Information on the genus : Acacia
Basionym : Mimosa oerfota Forssk.
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Acacia oerfota (Forssk.) Schweinf. var. oerfota
 Mimosa oerfota Forssk.
 Vachellia oerfota (Forssk.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Acacia nubica Benth. (1839)
=Vachellia nubica (Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr. (2013)
=Acacia gorinii Chiov. (1932)
=Acacia merkeri Harms
=Acacia virchowiana Vatke & Hildebr. (1880) p.p., quoa legumina tantum
Taxon infra-specific
Acacia oerfota var. brevifolia Boulos (1995)
Acacia oerfota (Forssk.) Schweinf. var. oerfota
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub (or small tree) 1-5 m tall, branching from the base, often much spreading; bark green below, whitish-green above; epidermis on youg branchlets not peeling; stipules spinescent, straight, in pairs; leaves small; flowers white to greenish, in heads;
  see more in the book
Ecology : Dry (open) deciduous bushland, dry scrub with trees, semi-desert scrub and bushland; Balanites aegyptiaca-Acacia tortilis savanna; 0-1600 m alt. (600-1370 m in Ethiopia); dry Acacia bushland, often common or locally dominant etc...
  Variable in: length of stipular spines, size of leaves, shape of pods.
  Egypt; through Arabia east to S Iran; India (M. Singh & A. K. Shrivastava in Ind. J. Forest. 25: 201-204, 2002.
  Comprises 2 vars. - Var. brevifolia Boulos (syn.: A. sarcophylla Chiov.) in Somalia; Socotra, Arabia.
  The hydrid " A. nubica " x A. paolii is recorded from N Kenya, in Commiphora-Acacia deciduous bushland, 760 m alt.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 194
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 443

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 1: 369 (1999).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°145536
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