African Plant Database

Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet
Protologue : Hort. Brit. (Sweet) 481 (1826)
Information on the genus : Lablab
Basionym : Dolichos purpureus L.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (weed)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet subsp. purpureus
 Dolichos purpureus L. (1763)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Lablab vulgaris Savi (1821)
=Lablab niger Medik.
=Dolichos lablab L. subsp. lablab
=Dolichos lablab L. (1753)
Taxon infra-specific
Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet subsp. purpureus
Lablab purpureus var. uncinatus (1970)
Lablab purpureus subsp. bengalensis (Jacq.) Verdc.
Lablab purpureus var. rhomboideus (Schinz) Verdc. (1970)
Lablab purpureus subsp. uncinatus Verdc. (1970)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Climbing or sometimes erect perennial (rarely annual) herb 1-6 m long; stems pubescent or glabrous; inflorescence slender; fruits small (wild form).
  see more in the book
Ecology : Fallow land; bushland; cultivations; river banks, dambos, etc.; termite mounds; rocks; Acacia, Combretum, Terminalia thickets; Baikiaea mutemwa on Kalahari sand; Brachystegia mixed woodland; Acacia woodland; relict evergreen forest; etc...
  Species exceedingly variable, originating in Africa and now widely cultivated throughout the tropics.
  S. Africa, Swaziland; Madagascar.
  L. purpureus subsp. uncinatus var. rhomboideus (Schinz) Verdc. in Namibia, ?Botswana, fide Verdcourt in Fl. Zambes. 3(5): 83, 2001. - Two varieties not always recognized as distinct in recent floras.
  Subsp. purpurens and subsp. bengalensis (Jacq.) Verdc. (of Asiatic origin) are widely cultivated.
  Not mapped.
Biol./Eco : Vine; Subhumid, Dry, Subarid; Thicket, Forest; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m, 1500-1999 m; distribution: Africa.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:239 (2012)
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • HANSEN, A. & P. SUNDING (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295
  • Borges P.A.V., C. Abreu & al. (2008). A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores

Bibliography other :
  • Von Raab-Straube E. & T. Raus (2018). Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 9 Willdenowia 48(2): 206 
More info on :
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see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°146737
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