African Plant Database

Rhynchosia minima (L.) DC.
Protologue : Prodr. (DC.) 2: 385 (1825) 
Information on the genus : Rhynchosia
Basionym : Dolichos minimus L.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Dolichos minimus L. (1753)
 Rhynchosia minima (L.) DC. var. minima
 Dolicholus minimus (L.) Hiern
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Dolichos memnonia Delile (1813)
=Rhynchosia memnonia (Delile) DC. (1825)
=Rhynchosia minima var. memnonia (Delile) T. Cooke (1902)
=Dolicholus memnonia Hiern
Taxon infra-specific
Rhynchosia minima (L.) DC. var. minima
Rhynchosia minima var. prostrata (Harv.) Meikle
Rhynchosia minima var. nuda (DC.) Kuntze
Rhynchosia minima var. falcata (E. Mey.) Verdc.
Rhynchosia minima var. macrocalyx (Chiov.) Verdc.
Rhynchosia minima var. A Verdc.
Rhynchosia minima var. pedicellata Verdc. (2001)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Perennial climbing or prostrate herb, with several slender stems 0,3-several metres long from a woody rootstock; stems glabrous to velvety.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Bushland; Acacia scrub; grassland particularly in coastal areas; open savannas; grassland with scattered trees; often on alluvial soils; open Mopane; Brachystegia and Kirkia-Commiphora woodland; riverine fringes with Phragmites; etc...
  Exceedingly difficult to divide into lower taxa; range of variation very great; experimental techniques are needed.
  S. Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Swaziland; Cape Verde Isl.; Madagascar; Egypt, Sinai, Arabia, Yemen, Israel; Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, Sri Lanka; Rodriguez Isl.; Timor; China, Thailand, Malaya, Taiwan; New Guinea; Australia; West Indies, tropical Americ
  Comprises 7 vars. in our area: - [see more in the book]
  Var. australis (Benth.) S. Moore [bas.: R. australis Benth.] in Australia; var. falcata (E. Mey.) Verdc. [bas.: Copisma falcatum E. Mey.] in S. Africa. - Var. flagellaris Bak. [syn.: Rhynchosia flagellaris Fenzl, nom. nud.] from the Sudan (F. T
Biol./Eco : Herb, Liana; Subhumid, Dry, Subarid; Thicket, Woodland; 0-499 m, 500-999 m; distribution: Africa. Asia,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:244 (2012)
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • MONOD, Th. (1977). Fruits et graines de Mauritanie II. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Ser. 3, Bot. 461, Botanique 32: 73-127
  • Med-Checklist 4: 173 (1989).
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice.
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: 144
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 1: 356 (1999).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°147835 modified 2008-10-21
Feedback about this record