African Plant Database

Ledebouria revoluta (L. f.) Jessop
Family : Hyacinthaceae
Protologue : J. S. African Bot. 36: 255 (1970)
Information on the genus : Ledebouria
Basionym : Hyacinthus revolutus L. f.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Hyacinthus revolutus L. f. (1782)
 Drimia revoluta (L. f.) Kunth (1843)
 Scilla revoluta (L. f.) Baker
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Scilla albomarginata Van der Merwe (1944)
=Scilla asperifolia Van der Merwe (1944)
=Scilla carnosula Van der Merwe (1944)
=Lachenalia lanceifolia Jacq.
=Scilla lanceifolia (Jacq.) Baker
=Drimia lanceifolia (Jacq.) Ker Gawl.
=Scilla chiovendae Cufod. (1939)
=Ledebouria hyacinthina Roth (1821)
=Scilla hyacinthina (Roth) J.F. Macbr. (1918)
=*Scilla indica Baker
=Scilla neumannii Engl. (1902)
=Scilla richardiana Buchinger ex Baker
=Drimia brevifolia Baker (1898)
=Eratobotrys bifolia Hochst. ex A. Rich. (1850)
=Scilla spathulata Baker (1870)
=Lachenalia maculata Tratt.
=Scilla maculata Schrank
=Drimia acuminata Lodd.
=Barnardia indica Wight
=Ledebouria yemensis (Deflers) Speta
=Scilla lanceifolia var. longiracemosa Engl. & Gilg
=Scilla yemensis Deflers
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 6-45 cm tall; bulb ovoid, 2,5-7,5-12 cm high, outer scales dark and papery; leaves 4-8, not always fully developed at anthesis, narrowly to broadly lanceolate, 5-35x2-13 cm, often with purple spots or irregular blotches, or uniformly green, sometimes with a pseudopetiole to 7 cm long; inflorescence 3-25 cm long, ± lax to dense, with up to 100-150 flowers; scape 3-30 cm long, erect or slightly curved; pedicels 2-15 mm long, spreading; flowers greenish to pink or purple; tepals 3-8 mm long, revolute; capsule subglobose or sometimes schizocarpous, 4-6 mm long.
Ecology : Grassland; bushland; woodland; often on sandy soils at rocky places; sporadic, but often abundant; clay soil; edges of cultivated fields; 0-2800 m alt.
  Polymorphic species. Some S. African species recorded by, e.g. Jessop, from our area may belong here (due to confusion), perhaps also L. zambesiaca (see this species below).
  Scilla lilacina (Fenzl ex Kunth) Baker from Sudan and Ethiopia is closely related to or perhaps conspecific with L. revoluta. Further studies are needed.
  S. Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Swaziland (map: Venter, 2008: 137); SW Arabian Peninsula, India, Sri Lanka.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Geophyte- Ht 0.02 - 0.25 m. Alt: 45 - 3000 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, EC, FS, KN, LP, MP, NW, WC, SWZ

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 23: t.913 (1943).
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 24: t.958 (1944).
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 24: t.944 (1944).
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 24: t.947 (1944).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°15267
Feedback about this record