African Plant Database

Xerophyta squarrosa Baker
Protologue : Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1(5): 264 (1880 [1878])
Information on the genus : Xerophyta
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Vellozia squarrosa (Baker) Welw. ex Baker (1878)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub 0,9-1,5 m tall, much branched; stem 3,6-4,8 cm Ø at base; stem and branches coated in mantle of closely packed rough leaf-bases and roots; leaves 4-9, near shoot ends and on small lateral branches among leaf-bases; sheath 1-2 cm long, with fibres or bristles; blade linear, 4-40x0,1-1,2 cm, smooth, acuminate, entire or denticulate with short spinescent trichomes on upper margins; flowers 1-3 at ends of stems; peduncles 8,5-12,5 cm long, densely covered with spreading stalked glandular trichomes in upper half; perianth pinkish white to bluish white; segments ± linear, 1,8-4x0,3-0,4 cm (outer), 2-3,6x0,4-0,8 cm (inner); anthers 0.9-1,2 cm long; ovary with long-stalked glands (also in fruit); stigmatic region 1-1,2 cm long.
Ecology : Bare rock; rocky slopes; sometimes in thick masses; c. 600 m alt.
  Near X. scabrida.
  Angola, ? Namibia. Also in NC Mozambique according to Fl. Zambes. 12/2: 160, 2009 (specim. Mendonça 905).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb- Ht 0.2 - 1.2 m. Alt: 800 - 1200 m. Distribution: NAM

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 107 (1995).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°15753
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