African Plant Database

Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
Family : Balanitaceae
Protologue : Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 221, t. 28, f. 1 (1813)  
Information on the genus : Balanites
Basionym : Ximenia aegyptiaca L.
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile var. aegyptiaca (1813)
 Ximenia aegyptiaca L. (1753)
 Agialid aegyptiaca (L.) Adans. (1763)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Myrobalanus chebulus Vesling
=Balanites fischeri Mildbr. & Schltr. (1913)
=Balanites suckertii Chiov. (1935)
=Balanites zizyphoides Mildbr. & Schltr. (1913)
=Agialida arabica Tiegh. (1906)
=Balanites arabica (Tiegh.) Blatt. (1919)
=Agialida latifolia Tiegh. (1906)
=Balanites latifolia (Tiegh.) Chiov. (1932)
=Agialid membranacea Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialid abyssinica Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida cuneifolia Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida nigra Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida schimperi Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida barteri Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida chevalieri Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida glomerata Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida tombouctensis Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida palestinaca Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida abyssinica Tiegh. (1906)
Taxon infra-specific
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile var. aegyptiaca (1813)
Balanites aegyptiaca var. ferox (Poir.) DC. (1824)
Balanites aegyptiaca var. pallida Sands (1983)
Balanites aegyptiaca var. quarrei (De Wild.) G.C.C. Gilbert (1958)
Balanites aegyptiaca var. tomentosa (Mildbr. & Schltr.) Sands (2001)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Semi-evergreen (can be ±deciduous in low rainfall areas) thorny shrub or tree 3-15 m tall; trunk often fluted, to 60 cm; stems divaricately and very intricately branched; branches long, spiny, ±tortuous, brittle, sparingly leafy to ±naked, drooping at th
  see more in the book
Ecology : Wooded savanna; open forest, on termite-mounds; open Acacia- Commiphora bushland, often along stream beds; bushed grassland; 1-2000 m alt. (see more in the book)

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • PEYRE DE FABRÈGUES B. & J. P. LEBRUN (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort : 131
  • BOUDET G. & J.P. LEBRUN (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16 : 103
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:180, 257, 354 (2012)
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 406
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Teline: Biodiversité végétale du sud-ouest marocain
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
More information >> ( work in progress )