African Plant Database


Tridactyle anthomaniaca (Rchb. f.) Summerh.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Kew Bull. 3(2): 284 (1948)
Information on the genus : Tridactyle
Basionym : Listrostachys anthomaniaca Rchb. f.
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Tridactyle anthomaniaca (Rchb. f.) Summerh. subsp. anthomaniaca
 Listrostachys anthomaniaca Rchb. f. (1877)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Tridactyle lepidota (Rolfe) Schltr.
=Angraecum lepidotum Rolfe (1880)
=Tridactyle trachyrhiza (Schltr.) Schltr.
=Angraecum trachyrrhizum Schltr. (1899)
=Angraecum wittmackii Kraenzl. (1889)
=Listrostachys wittmackii (Kraenzl.) Rolfe (1897)
 
Taxon infra-specific
Tridactyle anthomaniaca (Rchb. f.) Summerh. subsp. anthomaniaca
Tridactyle anthomaniaca subsp. nana P.J. Cribb & Stévart (2004)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic pendent herb growing in large masses, with very long verrucose roots; stems slender, woody, 20-200 cm long, covered with black-spotted old leaf bases; and producing branches at right angles to main stem; leaves numerous, fleshy-coriaceous, linear-elliptic, 2-11x0,6-2 cm, distichous, twisted at base to lie in one plane, shiny above, matt beneath; inflorescences < 1 cm long, 2-4-flowered, peduncle 1-2 mm long; flowers small, resupinate, green, yellow, apricot to brownish-orange or white; bracts ovate, 1-2 mm long; pedicel and ovary 3-5 mm long, lepidote; tepals ± oblong, 3-6x c. 2 mm; lip lanceolate-acute, 3-6x1-2 mm, usually entire but base with fleshy acute auricles; spur filiform, 6-16-20 mm long.
Ecology : High rainfall (Brachystegia) woodland; on exposed lichen covered tree in ravine; edge of evergreen forest; riverine or swamp forest; mangrove swamp; often above water, or in sunny position; plantations (coffee, cocoa, guava); on, e.g., Gaertnera paniculata, Canarium schweinfurthii, Klainedoxa gabonensis, Guibourtia demeusei, Scorodophloeum zenkeri, Syzygium staudtii; usually on larger branches of trees; 60-2400 m alt.
  Comprises 2 subspp. Without flowers T. anthomaniaca may be confused with Calyptrochilum christyanum.
  Also in Sudan ?, and in the Gulf of Guinea Islands ?
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
More information >> ( work in progress )
 
Record n°175930 modified 2007-04-03
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