African Plant Database

Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.
Family : Mimosaceae
Information on the genus : Acacia
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. var. senegal
 Senegalia senegal (L.) Britton
 Mimosa senegal L.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=*Acacia senegalensis (Houtt.) Roberty
=Acacia oliveri Vatke (1880)
=Acacia senegal var. pseudoglaucophylla Chiov.
=Acacia senegal var. platysprion Chiov.
=Acacia senegal var. rupestris (Stocks ex Boiss.) Roberty
=Acacia rupestris Stocks ex Boiss.
=*Acacia senegal var. verek (Guill. & Perr.) Roberty
=Acacia cufodontii Chiov. (1939)
=Acacia virchowiana Vatke & Hildebr. (1880) p.p., quoad fol. & flor. tantum
=*Acacia verek Guill. & Perr.
=Senegalia oliveri (Vatke) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Taxon infra-specific
Acacia senegal var. leiorhachis Brenan (1953)
Acacia senegal var. rostrata Brenan
Acacia senegal var. kerensis Schweinf.
Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. var. senegal
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Small tree 2-8-10(-15) m, or a low-branching shrub to 5 m tall; crown slightly rounded or flattened, somewhat spreading; bole short, bark greyish, rough, fissured or smooth;
  see more in the book
Ecology : Acacia-Commiphora bushland, wooded grassland, dry scrub; bushland on rocky ground or wadi bottoms; sand dunes (Mali, Niger, Chad); sandy Sahelian soils (Burkina Faso); sometimes forming thickets; etc...
  Extremely variable species: trees or shrubs branching from near the base (= var. kerensis); or prostrate plants 10-15 cm tall growing on cliffs; pods acute or acuminate (= var. rostrata); etc...
  Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland, S. Africa (Transvaal, Natal); Pakistan, India.
  Grown in Sudan in special "gum gardens" for gum arabic of commerce. Elsewhere collected from wild trees. Also important tree for agroforestry systems in arid and semi-arid areas in NE Africa. [see more in the book]

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:169, 255-256 (2012)
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: 1-322
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc. Bocconea 8: 114
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 183
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°176998 modified 2015-02-23
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