African Plant Database

Xerophyta equisetoides Baker
Protologue : J. Bot. 13: 233 (1875) 
Information on the genus : Xerophyta
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Xerophyta equisetoides Baker var. equisetoides (1875)
 Xerophyta retinervis var. equisetoides (Baker) Coetzee (1973)
 Vellozia equisetoides (Baker) Baker (1898)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Xerophyta melleri Baker (1875)
=Xerophyta equisetoides var. setosa L.B. Sm. & Ayensu (1974)
Taxon infra-specific
Xerophyta equisetoides Baker var. equisetoides (1875)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub with short stem c. 20 cm Ø, often dichotomously branched; stem and branches fibrous, coated with many pleated leaf-bases resembling Equisetum; leaves 3-8, linear, tufted at end of branches; sheath base 2-6 cm long, dark red-brown, short-pubescent or bristly; blade stiff, 10-30x c. 1 cm, subulate or 3-angled, often sharp-pointed, glabrous to softly-hairy on both surfaces; flowers single at ends of branches; peduncle 1-18 cm long, ± wiry, densely covered with short or minute ascending bristle-like trichomes; perianth purple or pink, pale mauve or white; segments ± lanceolate, c. 2,5x0,3-1,3 cm; trichomes on ovary 0,2-0,6 mm long, appressed; capsule brittle.
Ecology : Forest, rocks, on very acid soil; Brachystegia, Julbernardia or mopane woodlands; hill slopes; rocky places; shallow sandy soils; stream banks; granite and serpentine rock outcrops; supposed Cu-endemic (Faucon & al., Pl. Ecol. Evol. 143: 11, 2010); 450-1600 m alt.
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Record n°177273
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