African Plant Database


Maranthes chrysophylla (Oliv.) Prance
Family : CHRYSOBALANACEAE
Protologue : Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 46(3-4): 295 (1976)
Information on the genus : Maranthes
Basionym : Parinari chrysophylla Oliv.
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Parinari chrysophylla Oliv. (1871)
 Maranthes chrysophylla (Oliv.) Prance subsp. chrysophylla (1976)
 Ferolia chrysophylla (Oliv.) Kuntze
 
Taxon infra-specific
Maranthes chrysophylla subsp. coriacea F. White (1976)
Maranthes chrysophylla (Oliv.) Prance subsp. chrysophylla (1976)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Evergreen tree to 30 m; bole straight, 0,8-1,2 m Ø, slightly fluted at the base; bark smooth, marbled reddish towards the base, flaking off in small scales thus leaving greyish spots, poisonous;
  see more in the book
Ecology : Evergreen rain-forest, coastal, with Caesalpiniaceae (subsp. chrysophylla); 200-400 m alt. (Mt. Cameroon); semi-deciduous forest with Sterculiaceae and Ulmaceae in inland areas (subsp. coracea); etc...
  Variable in form, hairiness and consistency of the leaves: chartaceous and gradually narrowed lamina (subsp. chrysophylla) or coriaceous lamina with suddenly contracted apex (subsp. coriaceae).
  Comprises 2 subspp.: subsp.chrysophylla occurs in an interrupted coastal band from Sierra Leone to Gabon; subsp. coriacea F. White further inland from Cameroon to SW Zaire.
  Easily confused with M. excelsa which has however edible fruits.
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
 
Map
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Record n°177487
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