African Plant Database

Habenaria Willd.
Protologue : Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willd.] 4(1): 5, 44 (1805) 
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Gymnadenia R. Br. (1813)
=Herminium L. (1758)
=Kryptostoma Geerinck
=Ceratopetalorchis Szlach., Górniak & Tukallo (2003)
=Alinorchis Szlach.
=Schlechterorchis Szlach.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Habenaria species have hairy underground tubers or thick fleshy roots. The stem is unbranched, the inflorescence terminal. The flowers are relatively small, usually green and/or white.
Ecology : The largest genus of terrestrial orchids with some 600 species. Habenaria (mostly terrestrial) forms an important part of the African orchid flora. It is rivalled in numbers only by the epiphytic Polystachya.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 137, 296 (1995).
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 4: 646 (1997).
  • Lebrun J.P. & A.L. Stork (2017). Orchidaceae (2) Trop. Afr. Flow. Plants (Ecol. Distr.) 10 (orch.2): 19

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du Nord. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques Ville de Genève. hors-série. 1: 176
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°191153 modified 2008-12-27
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