African Plant Database

Moraea Mill.
Protologue : Fig. Pl. Gard. Dict. 159, t. 238 (1758)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Vieusseuxia D. Delaroche
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : “Closely related to the well know Iris and can be regarded as an African counterpart of this genus” (Goldblatt, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 63: 657, 1976). Herb with apically rooting corms; leaves bifacial, channelled to flat; flowers similar to those of Iris: outer tepals larger than inner and strongly clawed; inner tepals with an ascending claw and spreading limb; the style is short and much exceeded by 3 broad style branches against which the upper part of the filaments and the anthers are appressed. Some species in our area that are known from only 1 or 2 collections, are doubtful and more material is needed. Series of closely related species exist (e.g. M. tanzanica, M. brevifolia ->M. clavata ->M. balundana ->M. bovonei; do we have 1 variable species or 5 distinct ones ?). Some quantitative characters seem to be unsubstantial.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 94 (1995).
  • LEBRUN J.P. & A. STORK (2014). Tropical african flowering Plants (Ecol. & Distribution) Monocot. 2 (Anthericaceae - Palmae) Trop. Afr. Flow. Plants (Ecol. Distr.) 8: 158

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • GOLDBLATT, P. (1998). Reduction of Barnardiella, Galaxia, Gynandriris, Hexaglottis, Homeria, and Roggeveldia in Moraea (Iridaceae: Irideae) Novon : 8: 371-377.
  • LOEUILLE, B. & AL. (2003). Phylogénie moléculaire du genre Moraea (Iridaceae: Irideae): apports du séquencage d'une région d'ADN chloroplastique. Acta Bot. Gallica : 150: 345-353.
  • GOLDBLATT, P. & AL. (2005). Pollination mechanisms in the African genus Moraea (Iridaceae, Iridoideae): floral divergence and adaptation for pollinators. Adansonia, sér. 3 : 27: 21-46.
  • GOLDBLATT, P. & J. C. MANNING (2009). New species of Moraea (Iridaceae: Iridoideae), with range extensions and miscellaneous notes for southern African species. Bothalia : 39: 1-10.
  • DOBIGNARD, A. & C. CHATELAIN (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du Nord. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques Ville de Genève. hors-série. 1: 155
  • GEERINCK, D. (2013). Polémique concernant la taxonomie dans le genre africain Morea Miller (Iridaceae) et ses conséquences. Taxonomania : 34: 40-41.

Bibliography other :
  • GOLDBLATT (1986). The Moraeas of Southern Africa: A systematic monograph of the genus in South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Transkei, Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe Ann. Kirstenbosch Bot. Gard. 14: 1-224
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°192772 modified 2008-12-27
Feedback about this record