African Plant Database

Phaius Lour.
Protologue : Fl. Cochinch. 2: 517, 529 (1790)
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial (mostly) herbs; stem pseudobulbous or cane-like, leafy; leaves pleated; floral bracts persistent; flowers resupinate, often large, showy, turning blue-black when damaged or with age; sepals and petals ± similar, spreading, free; lip with carinate callus.
Ecology : Genus of 40-50 species (85 according to Szlachetko & Mytnik-Ejsmont, Orchid. W.-C. Afr. 2: 17, 2015) in the Old World Tropics, viz. Africa (2), Madagascar (3), tropical Asia, Malay Archipelago, NE Australia E-wards into the Pacific through to Samoa and the Society Isl.; introduced in Hawaii (map in Pridgeon & al., Gen. orchid. 4: 151, 2005). Several species have been used to extract indigo dyes (Papua, New Guinea). A few species are commonly cultivated in parks or glass-houses; many are popular with orchid growers.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 149 (1995).
  • Lebrun J.P. & A.L. Stork (2017). Orchidaceae (2) Trop. Afr. Flow. Plants (Ecol. Distr.) 10 (orch.2): 165
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°193624 modified 2008-12-27
Feedback about this record