African Plant Database

Gladiolus unguiculatus Baker
Protologue : J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 178 (1877 [1878])
Information on the genus : Gladiolus
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Antholyza djalonensis A. Chev. (1920)
=Antholyza fleuryi A. Chev. (1920)
=Antholyza labiata Pax
=Gladiolus labiatus (Pax) N.E. Br.
=Gladiolus cabrae (De Wild.) N.E. Br.
=Antholyza cabrae De Wild. (1907)
=Gladiolus thonneri (De Wild.) Vaupel
=Antholyza thonneri De Wild. (1911)
=Antholyza sudanica A. Chev. (1920)
=Gladiolus brevicaulis Baker
=Gladiolus oatesii Rolfe (1889)
=*Gladiolus unguiculatus auct.
=*Gladiolus atropurpureus auct. Geerinck p.p., non Baker
=*Gladiolus brevifolius auct. Eyles, non Jacq.
=Gladiolus bakeri Klatt (1894)
=Gladiolus varius var. micranthus (Baker) Oberm.
=Gladiolus micranthus Baker (1892)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 30-60 cm tall; corm 1,5-2,5 cm Ø, often dark red outside; flowering stem with 2-3 entirely sheathing leaves, 6-9 cm long; spike erect, 10-18-flowered; flowers cream to light purple, upper tepals flushed light to deep purple, the lower 3 each with deep purple spear-shaped marking in upper third, surrounded by a lighter area, sometimes with a dark spot at base of dorsal tepal; flower windowed with a gap between dorsal and upper lateral tepals; tube c. 1 cm long, curving outward; tepals c. 2 cm long.
Ecology : Savanna on (seasonally) humid soils; meadows; on hard-pan and conglomerate; damp sandy soils; shallow soils; marigots; open forests; wooded grassland; rock outcrops; 30-2200 m alt.
  Confused with G. atropurpureus, but corm and flower morphology different.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1993). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 12[4]:
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 42: 271 (1972).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 777 (2006).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°21337
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